|SC.912.E.5.2:||Identify patterns in the organization and distribution of matter in the universe and the forces that determine them.|
|SC.912.E.5.6:||Develop logical connections through physical principles, including Kepler's and Newton's Laws about the relationships and the effects of Earth, Moon, and Sun on each other.|
|SC.912.E.5.8:||Connect the concepts of radiation and the electromagnetic spectrum to the use of historical and newly-developed observational tools.|
|SC.912.L.18.12:||Discuss the special properties of water that contribute to Earth's suitability as an environment for life: cohesive behavior, ability to moderate temperature, expansion upon freezing, and versatility as a solvent.|
|SC.912.N.1.1:|| Define a problem based on a specific body of knowledge, for example: biology, chemistry, physics, and earth/space science, and do the following: |
|SC.912.N.1.2:||Describe and explain what characterizes science and its methods.|
|SC.912.N.1.5:||Describe and provide examples of how similar investigations conducted in many parts of the world result in the same outcome.|
|SC.912.N.1.6:||Describe how scientific inferences are drawn from scientific observations and provide examples from the content being studied.|
|SC.912.N.1.7:||Recognize the role of creativity in constructing scientific questions, methods and explanations.|
|SC.912.N.2.2:||Identify which questions can be answered through science and which questions are outside the boundaries of scientific investigation, such as questions addressed by other ways of knowing, such as art, philosophy, and religion.|
|SC.912.N.2.3:||Identify examples of pseudoscience (such as astrology, phrenology) in society.|
|SC.912.N.2.4:||Explain that scientific knowledge is both durable and robust and open to change. Scientific knowledge can change because it is often examined and re-examined by new investigations and scientific argumentation. Because of these frequent examinations, scientific knowledge becomes stronger, leading to its durability.|
|SC.912.N.2.5:||Describe instances in which scientists' varied backgrounds, talents, interests, and goals influence the inferences and thus the explanations that they make about observations of natural phenomena and describe that competing interpretations (explanations) of scientists are a strength of science as they are a source of new, testable ideas that have the potential to add new evidence to support one or another of the explanations.|
|SC.912.N.3.1:||Explain that a scientific theory is the culmination of many scientific investigations drawing together all the current evidence concerning a substantial range of phenomena; thus, a scientific theory represents the most powerful explanation scientists have to offer.|
|SC.912.N.3.2:||Describe the role consensus plays in the historical development of a theory in any one of the disciplines of science.|
|SC.912.N.3.3:||Explain that scientific laws are descriptions of specific relationships under given conditions in nature, but do not offer explanations for those relationships.|
|SC.912.N.3.4:||Recognize that theories do not become laws, nor do laws become theories; theories are well supported explanations and laws are well supported descriptions.|
|SC.912.N.3.5:||Describe the function of models in science, and identify the wide range of models used in science.|
|SC.912.N.4.1:||Explain how scientific knowledge and reasoning provide an empirically-based perspective to inform society's decision making.|
|SC.912.P.8.1:||Differentiate among the four states of matter.|
|SC.912.P.8.3:||Explore the scientific theory of atoms (also known as atomic theory) by describing changes in the atomic model over time and why those changes were necessitated by experimental evidence.|
|SC.912.P.8.4:||Explore the scientific theory of atoms (also known as atomic theory) by describing the structure of atoms in terms of protons, neutrons and electrons, and differentiate among these particles in terms of their mass, electrical charges and locations within the atom.|
|SC.912.P.10.1:||Differentiate among the various forms of energy and recognize that they can be transformed from one form to others.|
|SC.912.P.10.2:||Explore the Law of Conservation of Energy by differentiating among open, closed, and isolated systems and explain that the total energy in an isolated system is a conserved quantity.|
|SC.912.P.10.3:||Compare and contrast work and power qualitatively and quantitatively.|
|SC.912.P.10.4:||Describe heat as the energy transferred by convection, conduction, and radiation, and explain the connection of heat to change in temperature or states of matter.|
|SC.912.P.10.5:||Relate temperature to the average molecular kinetic energy.|
|SC.912.P.10.6:||Create and interpret potential energy diagrams, for example: chemical reactions, orbits around a central body, motion of a pendulum.|
|SC.912.P.10.7:||Distinguish between endothermic and exothermic chemical processes.|
|SC.912.P.10.8:||Explain entropy's role in determining the efficiency of processes that convert energy to work.|
|SC.912.P.10.10:||Compare the magnitude and range of the four fundamental forces (gravitational, electromagnetic, weak nuclear, strong nuclear).|
|SC.912.P.10.13:||Relate the configuration of static charges to the electric field, electric force, electric potential, and electric potential energy.|
|SC.912.P.10.14:||Differentiate among conductors, semiconductors, and insulators.|
|SC.912.P.10.15:||Investigate and explain the relationships among current, voltage, resistance, and power.|
|SC.912.P.10.16:||Explain the relationship between moving charges and magnetic fields, as well as changing magnetic fields and electric fields, and their application to modern technologies.|
|SC.912.P.10.17:||Explore the theory of electromagnetism by explaining electromagnetic waves in terms of oscillating electric and magnetic fields.|
|SC.912.P.10.18:||Explore the theory of electromagnetism by comparing and contrasting the different parts of the electromagnetic spectrum in terms of wavelength, frequency, and energy, and relate them to phenomena and applications.|
|SC.912.P.10.20:||Describe the measurable properties of waves and explain the relationships among them and how these properties change when the wave moves from one medium to another.|
|SC.912.P.10.21:||Qualitatively describe the shift in frequency in sound or electromagnetic waves due to the relative motion of a source or a receiver.|
|SC.912.P.10.22:||Construct ray diagrams and use thin lens and mirror equations to locate the images formed by lenses and mirrors.|
|SC.912.P.12.1:||Distinguish between scalar and vector quantities and assess which should be used to describe an event.|
|SC.912.P.12.2:||Analyze the motion of an object in terms of its position, velocity, and acceleration (with respect to a frame of reference) as functions of time.|
|SC.912.P.12.3:||Interpret and apply Newton's three laws of motion.|
|SC.912.P.12.4:||Describe how the gravitational force between two objects depends on their masses and the distance between them.|
|SC.912.P.12.5:||Apply the law of conservation of linear momentum to interactions, such as collisions between objects.|
|SC.912.P.12.6:||Qualitatively apply the concept of angular momentum.|
|SC.912.P.12.7:||Recognize that nothing travels faster than the speed of light in vacuum which is the same for all observers no matter how they or the light source are moving.|
|SC.912.P.12.8:||Recognize that Newton's Laws are a limiting case of Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity at speeds that are much smaller than the speed of light.|
|SC.912.P.12.9:||Recognize that time, length, and energy depend on the frame of reference.|
|MA.K12.MTR.1.1:|| Actively participate in effortful learning both individually and collectively. |
Mathematicians who participate in effortful learning both individually and with others:
|MA.K12.MTR.2.1:|| Demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways. |
Mathematicians who demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways:
|MA.K12.MTR.3.1:|| Complete tasks with mathematical fluency. |
Mathematicians who complete tasks with mathematical fluency:
|MA.K12.MTR.4.1:|| Engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others. |
Mathematicians who engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others:
|MA.K12.MTR.5.1:|| Use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts. |
Mathematicians who use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts:
|MA.K12.MTR.6.1:|| Assess the reasonableness of solutions. |
Mathematicians who assess the reasonableness of solutions:
|MA.K12.MTR.7.1:|| Apply mathematics to real-world contexts. |
Mathematicians who apply mathematics to real-world contexts:
|ELA.K12.EE.1.1:|| Cite evidence to explain and justify reasoning.|
|ELA.K12.EE.2.1:|| Read and comprehend grade-level complex texts proficiently.|
|ELA.K12.EE.3.1:|| Make inferences to support comprehension.|
|ELA.K12.EE.4.1:|| Use appropriate collaborative techniques and active listening skills when engaging in discussions in a variety of situations.|
|ELA.K12.EE.5.1:|| Use the accepted rules governing a specific format to create quality work.|
|ELA.K12.EE.6.1:|| Use appropriate voice and tone when speaking or writing.|
|ELD.K12.ELL.SC.1:||English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Science.|
General Course Information and Notes
While the content focus of this course is consistent with the Physics 1 course, students will explore these concepts in greater depth as preparatory work for the IB Physics course(s). In general, the academic pace and rigor will be greatly increased for pre-IB level coursework. Coursework should include opportunities for students to develop their understanding of both theory and experiments, developing traditional practical skills and techniques while also developing interpersonal and digital communication skills in preparation for the IB Physics course.
Integral to the experience of students in Pre-IB Physics courses is their experience in the classroom laboratory or in the field. Practical activities allow students to interact directly with natural phenomena and secondary data sources. These experiences provide the students with the opportunity to design investigations, collect data, develop manipulative skills, analyze results, collaborate with peers and evaluate and communicate their findings. Experiments can be used to introduce a topic, investigate a phenomenon or allow students to consider and examine questions and curiosities. These laboratory experiences are essential as preparatory work for the IB Physics course(s).
Teaching from a range of complex text is optimized when teachers in all subject areas implement the following strategies on a routing basis:
- Ensuring wide reading from complex text that varies in length.
- Making close reading and rereading of texts central to lessons.
- Emphasizing text-specific complex questions, and cognitively complex tasks, reinforce focus on the text and cultivate independence.
- Emphasizing students supporting answers based upon evidence from the text.
- Providing extensive research and writing opportunities (claims and evidence).
Science and Engineering Practices (NRC Framework for K-12 Science Education, 2010)
- Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering).
- Developing and using models.
- Planning and carrying out investigations.
- Analyzing and interpreting data.
- Using mathematics, information and computer technology, and computational thinking.
- Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering).
- Engaging in argument from evidence.
- Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information.
Honors and Advanced Level Course Note: Advanced courses require a greater demand on students through increased academic rigor. Academic rigor is obtained through the application, analysis, evaluation, and creation of complex ideas that are often abstract and multi-faceted. Students are challenged to think and collaborate critically on the content they are learning. Honors level rigor will be achieved by increasing text complexity through text selection, focus on high-level qualitative measures, and complexity of task. Instruction will be structured to give students a deeper understanding of conceptual themes and organization within and across disciplines. Academic rigor is more than simply assigning to students a greater quantity of work.
Florida’s Benchmarks for Excellent Student Thinking (B.E.S.T.) Standards:
This course includes Florida’s B.E.S.T. ELA Expectations (EE) and Mathematical Thinking and Reasoning Standards (MTRs) for students. Florida educators should intentionally embed these standards within the content and their instruction as applicable. For guidance on the implementation of the EEs and MTRs, please visit https://www.cpalms.org/Standards/BEST_Standards.aspx and select the appropriate B.E.S.T. Standards package.
English Language Development ELD Standards Special Notes Section:
Teachers are required to provide listening, speaking, reading and writing instruction that allows English language learners (ELL) to communicate information, ideas and concepts for academic success in the content area of Science. For the given level of English language proficiency and with visual, graphic, or interactive support, students will interact with grade level words, expressions, sentences and discourse to process or produce language necessary for academic success The ELD standard should specify a relevant content area concept or topic of study chosen by curriculum developers and teachers which maximizes an ELL’s need for communication and social skills. To access an ELL supporting document which delineates performance definitions and descriptors, please click on the following link: https://cpalmsmediaprod.blob.core.windows.net/uploads/docs/standards/eld/sc.pdf.
Appropriate grade levels standards in Language Arts should be used for students in Grades 9-10 and Grades 11-12.
|Course Number: 2003836||
Course Path: Section: Grades PreK to 12 Education Courses > Grade Group: Grades 9 to 12 and Adult Education Courses > Subject: Science > SubSubject: Physical Sciences >
|Abbreviated Title: FL PRE-IB PHYSICS 1|
|Number of Credits: One (1) credit|
|Course Type: Core Academic Course||Course Level: 3|
|Course Status: State Board Approved|
|Grade Level(s): 9,10|
|Graduation Requirement: Equally Rigorous Science|
| Physics (Grades 6-12)|