Name 
Description 
SS.912.E.1.1:  Identify the factors of production and why they are necessary for the production of goods and services.Clarifications: Examples are land, labor, capital, entrepreneurship.  
SS.912.E.1.2:  Analyze production possibilities curves to explain choice, scarcity, and opportunity costs. 
SS.912.E.1.3:  Compare how the various economic systems (traditional, market, command, mixed) answer the questions: (1) What to produce?; (2) How to produce?; and (3) For whom to produce?

SS.912.E.1.4:  Define supply, demand, quantity supplied,and quantity demanded; graphically illustrate situations that would cause changes in each, and demonstrate how the equilibrium price of a product is determined by the interaction of supply and demand in the market place.

SS.912.E.1.5:  Compare different forms of business organizations.Clarifications: Examples are sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, limited liability corporation.  
SS.912.E.1.6:  Compare the basic characteristics of the four market structures (monopoly, oligopoly, monopolistic competition, pure competition).

SS.912.E.1.7:  Graph and explain how firms determine price and output through marginal cost analysis. 
SS.912.E.1.8:  Explain ways firms engage in price and nonprice competition. 
SS.912.E.1.9:  Describe how the earnings of workers are determined.Clarifications: Examples are minimum wage, the market value of the product produced, workers' productivity.  
SS.912.E.1.10:  Explain the use of fiscal policy (taxation, spending) to promote price stability, full employment, and economic growth.

SS.912.E.1.11:  Explain how the Federal Reserve uses the tools of monetary policy (discount rate, reserve requirement, open market operations) to promote price stability, full employment, and economic growth.

SS.912.E.1.12:  Examine the four phases of the business cycle (peak, contraction  unemployment, trough, expansion  inflation).

SS.912.E.1.13:  Explain the basic functions and characteristics of money, and describe the composition of the money supply in the United States.

SS.912.E.1.14:  Compare credit, savings, and investment services available to the consumer from financial institutions. 
SS.912.E.1.15:  Describe the risk and return profiles of various investment vehicles and the importance of diversification.Clarifications: Examples are savings accounts, certificates of deposit, stocks, bonds, mutual funds, Individual Retirement Accounts.  
SS.912.E.1.16:  Construct a oneyear budget plan for a specific career path including expenses and construction of a credit plan for purchasing a major item.Clarifications: Examples of a career path are university student, trade school student, food service employee, retail employee, laborer, armed forces enlisted personnel.
Examples of a budget plan are housing expenses, furnishing, utilities, food costs, transportation, and personal expenses  medical, clothing, grooming, entertainment and recreation, and gifts and contributions.
Examples of a credit plan are interest rates, credit scores, payment plan.
 
SS.912.E.2.1:  Identify and explain broad economic goals.
Clarifications: Examples are freedom, efficiency, equity, security, growth, price stability, full employment.
 
SS.912.E.2.2:  Use a decisionmaking model to analyze a public policy issue affecting the student's community that incorporates defining a problem, analyzing the potential consequences, and considering the alternatives. 
SS.912.E.2.3:  Research contributions of entrepreneurs, inventors, and other key individuals from various gender, social, and ethnic backgrounds in the development of the United States. 
SS.912.E.2.4:  Diagram and explain the problems that occur when government institutes wage and price controls, and explain the rationale for these controls.Clarifications: Examples are shortage, surplus, other inefficiencies.  
SS.912.E.2.5:  Analyze how capital investments may impact productivity and economic growth.
Clarifications: Examples are factories, machinery, technology, people.
 
SS.912.E.2.6:  Examine the benefits of natural monopolies and the purposes of government regulation of these monopolies.
Clarifications: Examples are electric, water, cable, waste management.
 
SS.912.E.2.7:  Identify the impact of inflation on society. 
SS.912.E.2.8:  Differentiate between direct and indirect taxes, and describe the progressivity of taxes (progressive, proportional, regressive).Clarifications: Examples are income, sales, social security.  
SS.912.E.2.9:  Analyze how changes in federal spending and taxation affect budget deficits and surpluses and the national debt. 
SS.912.E.2.10:  Describe the organization and functions of the Federal Reserve System. 
SS.912.E.2.11:  Assess the economic impact of negative and positive externalities on the local, state, and national environment.Clarifications: Examples of negative are pollution, global warming. Examples of positive are pure water, better air quality.  
SS.912.E.2.12:  Construct a circular flow diagram for an openmarket economy including elements of households, firms, government, financial institutions, product and factor markets, and international trade. 
SS.912.E.3.1:  Demonstrate the impact of inflation on world economies.Clarifications: Examples are oil prices, 1973 oil crisis, Great Depression, World War II.  
SS.912.E.3.2:  Examine absolute and comparative advantage, and explain why most trade occurs because of comparative advantage.

SS.912.E.3.3:  Discuss the effect of barriers to trade and why nations sometimes erect barriers to trade or establish free trade zones.Clarifications: Examples are NAFTA, CAFTA. Examples are quotas, tariffs.  
SS.912.E.3.4:  Assess the economic impact of negative and positive externalities on the international environment.Clarifications: Examples of negative are pollution, global warming.Examples of positive are pure water, better air quality.  
SS.912.E.3.5:  Compare the current United States economy with other developed and developing nations.Clarifications: Examples are standard of living, exchange rates, productivity, gross domestic product.  
SS.912.E.3.6:  Differentiate and draw conclusions about historical economic thought theorized by economists.Clarifications: Examples are Adam Smith, Malthus, Ricardo, Keynes, Friedman, Say, Gilder.  
SS.912.G.2.2:  Describe the factors and processes that contribute to the differences between developing and developed regions of the world. 
SS.912.G.3.3:  Use geographic terms and tools to explain differing perspectives on the use of renewable and nonrenewable resources in Florida, the United States, and the world. 
SS.912.G.4.4:  Use geographic terms and tools to analyze case studies of issues in globalization.Clarifications: Examples are cultural imperialism, outsourcing.  
MA.K12.MTR.1.1:  Actively participate in effortful learning both individually and collectively. Mathematicians who participate in effortful learning both individually and with others:
 Analyze the problem in a way that makes sense given the task.
 Ask questions that will help with solving the task.
 Build perseverance by modifying methods as needed while solving a challenging task.
 Stay engaged and maintain a positive mindset when working to solve tasks.
 Help and support each other when attempting a new method or approach.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to participate actively in effortful learning both individually and with others:
 Cultivate a community of growth mindset learners.
 Foster perseverance in students by choosing tasks that are challenging.
 Develop students’ ability to analyze and problem solve.
 Recognize students’ effort when solving challenging problems.
 
MA.K12.MTR.2.1:  Demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways. Mathematicians who demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways:  Build understanding through modeling and using manipulatives.
 Represent solutions to problems in multiple ways using objects, drawings, tables, graphs and equations.
 Progress from modeling problems with objects and drawings to using algorithms and equations.
 Express connections between concepts and representations.
 Choose a representation based on the given context or purpose.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways:  Help students make connections between concepts and representations.
 Provide opportunities for students to use manipulatives when investigating concepts.
 Guide students from concrete to pictorial to abstract representations as understanding progresses.
 Show students that various representations can have different purposes and can be useful in different situations.
 
MA.K12.MTR.3.1:  Complete tasks with mathematical fluency. Mathematicians who complete tasks with mathematical fluency:  Select efficient and appropriate methods for solving problems within the given context.
 Maintain flexibility and accuracy while performing procedures and mental calculations.
 Complete tasks accurately and with confidence.
 Adapt procedures to apply them to a new context.
 Use feedback to improve efficiency when performing calculations.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to complete tasks with mathematical fluency: Provide students with the flexibility to solve problems by selecting a procedure that allows them to solve efficiently and accurately.
 Offer multiple opportunities for students to practice efficient and generalizable methods.
 Provide opportunities for students to reflect on the method they used and determine if a more efficient method could have been used.
 
MA.K12.MTR.4.1:  Engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others. Mathematicians who engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others:  Communicate mathematical ideas, vocabulary and methods effectively.
 Analyze the mathematical thinking of others.
 Compare the efficiency of a method to those expressed by others.
 Recognize errors and suggest how to correctly solve the task.
 Justify results by explaining methods and processes.
 Construct possible arguments based on evidence.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others: Establish a culture in which students ask questions of the teacher and their peers, and error is an opportunity for learning.
 Create opportunities for students to discuss their thinking with peers.
 Select, sequence and present student work to advance and deepen understanding of correct and increasingly efficient methods.
 Develop students’ ability to justify methods and compare their responses to the responses of their peers.
 
MA.K12.MTR.5.1:  Use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts. Mathematicians who use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts:  Focus on relevant details within a problem.
 Create plans and procedures to logically order events, steps or ideas to solve problems.
 Decompose a complex problem into manageable parts.
 Relate previously learned concepts to new concepts.
 Look for similarities among problems.
 Connect solutions of problems to more complicated largescale situations.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts: Help students recognize the patterns in the world around them and connect these patterns to mathematical concepts.
 Support students to develop generalizations based on the similarities found among problems.
 Provide opportunities for students to create plans and procedures to solve problems.
 Develop students’ ability to construct relationships between their current understanding and more sophisticated ways of thinking.
 
MA.K12.MTR.6.1:  Assess the reasonableness of solutions. Mathematicians who assess the reasonableness of solutions:  Estimate to discover possible solutions.
 Use benchmark quantities to determine if a solution makes sense.
 Check calculations when solving problems.
 Verify possible solutions by explaining the methods used.
 Evaluate results based on the given context.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to assess the reasonableness of solutions: Have students estimate or predict solutions prior to solving.
 Prompt students to continually ask, “Does this solution make sense? How do you know?”
 Reinforce that students check their work as they progress within and after a task.
 Strengthen students’ ability to verify solutions through justifications.
 
MA.K12.MTR.7.1:  Apply mathematics to realworld contexts. Mathematicians who apply mathematics to realworld contexts:  Connect mathematical concepts to everyday experiences.
 Use models and methods to understand, represent and solve problems.
 Perform investigations to gather data or determine if a method is appropriate.
• Redesign models and methods to improve accuracy or efficiency.
Clarifications: Teachers who encourage students to apply mathematics to realworld contexts: Provide opportunities for students to create models, both concrete and abstract, and perform investigations.
 Challenge students to question the accuracy of their models and methods.
 Support students as they validate conclusions by comparing them to the given situation.
 Indicate how various concepts can be applied to other disciplines.
 
ELA.K12.EE.1.1:  Cite evidence to explain and justify reasoning.Clarifications: K1 Students include textual evidence in their oral communication with guidance and support from adults. The evidence can consist of details from the text without naming the text. During 1st grade, students learn how to incorporate the evidence in their writing.23 Students include relevant textual evidence in their written and oral communication. Students should name the text when they refer to it. In 3rd grade, students should use a combination of direct and indirect citations. 45 Students continue with previous skills and reference comments made by speakers and peers. Students cite texts that they’ve directly quoted, paraphrased, or used for information. When writing, students will use the form of citation dictated by the instructor or the style guide referenced by the instructor. 68 Students continue with previous skills and use a style guide to create a proper citation. 912 Students continue with previous skills and should be aware of existing style guides and the ways in which they differ.
 
ELA.K12.EE.2.1:  Read and comprehend gradelevel complex texts proficiently.Clarifications: See Text Complexity for gradelevel complexity bands and a text complexity rubric.  
ELA.K12.EE.3.1:  Make inferences to support comprehension.Clarifications: Students will make inferences before the words infer or inference are introduced. Kindergarten students will answer questions like “Why is the girl smiling?” or make predictions about what will happen based on the title page.
Students will use the terms and apply them in 2nd grade and beyond.  
ELA.K12.EE.4.1:  Use appropriate collaborative techniques and active listening skills when engaging in discussions in a variety of situations.Clarifications: In kindergarten, students learn to listen to one another respectfully.In grades 12, students build upon these skills by justifying what they are thinking. For example: “I think ________ because _______.” The collaborative conversations are becoming academic conversations. In grades 312, students engage in academic conversations discussing claims and justifying their reasoning, refining and applying skills. Students build on ideas, propel the conversation, and support claims and counterclaims with evidence.
 
ELA.K12.EE.5.1:  Use the accepted rules governing a specific format to create quality work.Clarifications: Students will incorporate skills learned into work products to produce quality work. For students to incorporate these skills appropriately, they must receive instruction. A 3rd grade student creating a poster board display must have instruction in how to effectively present information to do quality work.  
ELA.K12.EE.6.1:  Use appropriate voice and tone when speaking or writing.Clarifications: In kindergarten and 1st grade, students learn the difference between formal and informal language. For example, the way we talk to our friends differs from the way we speak to adults. In 2nd grade and beyond, students practice appropriate social and academic language to discuss texts.  
ELD.K12.ELL.SI.1:  English language learners communicate for social and instructional purposes within the school setting. 
ELD.K12.ELL.SS.1:  English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Social Studies. 
HE.912.C.2.4:  Evaluate how public health policies and government regulations can influence health promotion and disease prevention.Clarifications: Seatbelt enforcement, underage alcohol sales, reporting communicable diseases, child care, and AED availability.  