A. The scientific theory of evolution is the fundamental concept underlying all of biology.
B. The scientific theory of evolution is supported by multiple forms of scientific evidence.
C. Organisms are classified based on their evolutionary history.
D. Natural selection is a primary mechanism leading to evolutionary change.
Annually Assessed on Biology EOC. Also assesses SC.912.L.15.4; SC.912.L.15.5; SC.912.N.1.3; and SC.912.N.1.6.
TEST ITEM SPECIFICATIONS
- Clarification :
Students will classify organisms based on the distinguishing characteristics of the domains and/or kingdoms of living organisms.
Students will identify and/or describe how and/or why organisms are hierarchically classified based on evolutionary relationships.
Students will identify and/or explain the reasons for changes in how organisms are classified.
Students will identify ways in which a scientific claim is evaluated (e.g., through scientific argumentation, critical and logical thinking, and consideration of alternative explanations).
Students will describe how scientific inferences are made from observations and identify examples from biology.
- Content Limits :
Items referring to distinguishing characteristics of living organisms are limited to the domains of Archea, Bacteria, and Eukarya and the kingdoms of Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.
Items will not require specific knowledge of organisms classified in any domain or kingdom; items should describe the characteristics of an organism and assess its classification.
Items may refer to prokaryotic, eukaryotic, unicellular and/or multicellular organisms, autotrophs, and/or heterotrophs, but they will not assess the definition of those terms.
Items referring to changes in classification systems should be conceptual and will not require specific knowledge of those changes.
Items may address evolutionary classification, phylogeny, and the use of cladograms, but they may not assess the definition of those terms.
Items assessing a scientific claim are limited to the classification of organisms.
- Stimulus Attributes :
Scenarios addressing scientific inferences are limited to classification.
- Response Attributes :
- Prior Knowledge :
Items may require the student to apply scientific knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge of SC.6.L.15.1, SC.6.N.2.2, SC.7.N.1.6, SC.7.N.1.7, SC.7.N.2.1, and SC.8.N.1.6.
SC.912.L.15.4 Describe how and why organisms are hierarchically classified and based on evolutionary relationships.
SC.912.L.15.5 Explain the reasons for changes in how organisms are classified.
SC.912.N.1.3 Recognize that the strength or usefulness of a scientific claim is evaluated through scientific argumentation, which depends on critical and logical thinking, and the active consideration of alternative scientific explanations to explain the data presented.
SC.912.N.1.6 Describe how scientific inferences are drawn from scientific observations and provide examples from the content being studied.