Science - Grade Five   (#5020060)

Version for Academic Year:

Course Standards

General Course Information and Notes

General Notes

Special Notes: 

Instructional Practices 
Teaching from a range of complex text is optimized when teachers in all subject areas implement the following strategies on a routine basis:

  1. Ensuring wide reading from complex text that varies in length.
  2. Making close reading and rereading of texts central to lessons.
  3. Emphasizing text-specific complex questions, and cognitively complex tasks, reinforce focus on the text and cultivate independence.
  4. Emphasizing students supporting answers based upon evidence from the text.
  5. Providing extensive research and writing opportunities (claims and evidence).

Science and Engineering Practices (NRC Framework for K-12 Science Education, 2010)

  • Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering).
  • Developing and using models.
  • Planning and carrying out investigations.
  • Analyzing and interpreting data.
  • Using mathematics, information and computer technology, and computational thinking.
  • Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering).
  • Engaging in argument from evidence.
  • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information.


Florida’s Benchmarks for Excellent Student Thinking (B.E.S.T.) Standards
This course includes Florida’s B.E.S.T. ELA Expectations (EE) and Mathematical Thinking and Reasoning Standards (MTRs) for students. Florida educators should intentionally embed these standards within the content and their instruction as applicable. For guidance on the implementation of the EEs and MTRs, please visit and select the appropriate B.E.S.T. Standards package.

English Language Development ELD Standards Special Notes Section:
Teachers are required to provide listening, speaking, reading and writing instruction that allows English language learners (ELL) to communicate information, ideas and concepts for academic success in the content area of Science. For the given level of English language proficiency and with visual, graphic, or interactive support, students will interact with grade level words, expressions, sentences and discourse to process or produce language necessary for academic success The ELD standard should specify a relevant content area concept or topic of study chosen by curriculum developers and teachers which maximizes an ELL's need for communication and social skills. To access an ELL supporting document which delineates performance definitions and descriptors, please click on the following link:

General Information

Course Number: 5020060
Course Path:
Abbreviated Title: SCIENCE GRADE FIVE
Course Length: Year (Y)
Course Attributes:
  • Class Size Core Required
Course Type: Core Academic Course
Course Status: State Board Approved
Grade Level(s): 5

Educator Certifications

One of these educator certification options is required to teach this course.

Student Resources

Vetted resources students can use to learn the concepts and skills in this course.

Original Student Tutorials

Electric Circuits:

Investigate how the flow of electricity requires a closed circuit in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Push It! Force and Motion:

Explore different kinds of forces, including pushes, pulls, magnetism, gravity, and friction in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Replication Is Validation!:

Discover why it's important for scientists to replicate the procedures used in earlier scientific investigations to validate the findings or results in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Energy Transformations:

Investigate electrical energy and how it can be transformed into different forms including heat, light, sound, and motion energy in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Water Cycle Part 2: Water in the Atmosphere:

Learn how water moves into the atmosphere as it moves through the water cycle. This is part 2 of a three-part interactive tutorial series. 

Click HERE to open part 1

Click HERE to open part 3 (Coming Soon)

Type: Original Student Tutorial

The Water Cycle Part 1: Sources of Water:

Explore different sources of water as it travels through Earth's water cycle.  Discover the importance of the oceans and other water sources as you follow water's journey in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Amazing Adaptations Part 4: Freshwater Life:

Come along and explore the amazing adaptations of freshwater life in this interactive tutorial

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Amazing Adaptations Part 3: Land Animals:

Come along and explore how lands animals are adapted to changing environments all around the globe in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Amazing Adaptations Part 2: Marine Animals:

Come along and explore amazing adaptations of marine animals with a biologist as your guide in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Amazing Adaptations Part 1: Plants:

Join a biologist to explore amazing adaptations among plants in this interactive student tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Air Pressure Part 1: What is it?:

Explore the basics of air pressure in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Traveling With Boolean Logic Part 4: NAND and NOR Gates:

Explore how temperature and humidity affects biomes like the tundra and desert, and learn how computers use NAND and NOR logic gates to make decisions.

This is part 4 of 4 in a series about biomes and logic gates. Click below to open parts 1-3.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Traveling With Boolean Logic Part 3: OR Gates:

Explore how temperature, wind speed and other weather data affects a biome like the temperate grasslands. While exploring the different aspects of the biome, learn the OR logic gate that computers use to make decisions.

This is part 3 of 4 in a tutorial series on biomes and logic gates.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Traveling With Boolean Logic Part 2: And Gates:

Learn how AND Boolean logic can be used to evaluate two different inputs resulting in a true or false output. While exploring the logic of a computer system in this interactive tutorial, you will learn about different biomes and how computers can make decisions based on the attributes of the biomes.

This is part 2 of 4 in a tutorial series about biomes and Boolean logic.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Traveling With Boolean Logic Part 1: Not Gates:

Expand your coding skills with Boolean logic as you use the inverter NOT function to make decisions while learning about different biomes.

This is part 1 of 4 in a tutorial series about Boolean logic and biomes.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Investigate Like a Scientist: Types of Scientific Study:

Explore the differences between an experiment and other types of scientific investigations as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Electrical To Thermal Energy:

Learn how electrical energy is produced from earth's natural resources. In this interactive tutorial, explore the process to power buildings and other electronic devices.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Einstein's Guide To Forces And Motion:

Investigate and explain that when a force is applied to an object but it does not move, it is because another opposing force is being applied by something in the environment so the forces are balanced. This interactive tutorial also includes practice items to check your knowledge.


Type: Original Student Tutorial

Energy and Motion:

Explore the connection between energy and motion.  Help Thomas the turtle win the race by using your knowledge of energy and work. 

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Journey of the Solar System:

Take a journey and investigate the objects that call our solar system home.  In this interactive tutorial, you'll visit the Sun, planets, satellites, asteroids and comets and learn new and exciting information about our exploration of the solar system.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Disaster Preparedness:

Learn how to prepare a natural disaster plan of your own and identify reasons for having one in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

What's the Matter in the Galaxy?:

Learn to identify components within a galaxy such as gas, dust, stars and objects that orbit stars with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Identifying the Control Group:

Learn to identify a control group and explain its importance in an experiment with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Do You Need Me to Repeat That?:

Learn how to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text.

In this tutorial you will learn to identify the importance of repeated trials in an experiment.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Energy Scavenger Hunt at an Amusement Park:

Visit an amusement park to be able to investigate and describe some basic forms of energy, including light, heat, sound, electrical, chemical, and mechanical.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Some Like It Hot:

Learn how heat is a form of energy. You will also look at other examples of energy as they are found during a camping trip.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

How's the Weather?:

Discover how air temperature, air pressure, humidity, wind, and precipitation determine the weather in a particular place and time as you complete this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Let's Investigate:

Learn how to recognize and explain that science is based on testable observations and that explanations for observations must be linked to evidence in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Comparing Plants and Animals:

Identify the basic needs of living things,the ways living things protect, support and reproduce. Also compare and contrast how plants and animals meet their basic needs in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Weather-related Differences:

Learn how to identify explicit evidence and understand implicit meaning in a text.

You should be able to distinguish weather conditions among different climates.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Marvelous Solid Mixtures: Let’s Sort them Out!:

Learn and demonstrate that mixtures of solids can be separated by observable properties in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Your Heart is An Amazing Organ:

Learn to:

  • identify the heart as an important organ for life.
  • describe the features of the heart including the four chambers, pulmonary artery and veins, the aorta and the valves.
  • explain functions of the various parts of the heart.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Raindrops Keep Falling on My Head… OR WAIT, Is It Snow? Or Sleet? Or Hail?:

Learn to identify precipitation as rain, snow, sleet and hail in this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

What's the Weather Like?:

Learn to describe the relationship between latitude and annual mean temperatures on Earth with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

How Do We Do Science?:

Learn how authentic scientific investigations do not always follow the steps of the traditional "scientific method" with this interactive tutorial.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Amazing Animal Adaptations:

Learn how adaptations can help animals survive in their environments.

Type: Original Student Tutorial

Educational Games

All About Plants:

Students have an opportunity to discover plants from around the world that are housed at the New York Botanical Gardens. Students learn about the kinds of plants and then try seven different Plant Challenges where they show their knowledge about plant leaves, plants we eat, plants we use in our lives, how plants reproduce, how plants have evolved, plants and pollinators and plants in specific biomes.

Type: Educational Game

Go to the Head of the Solar System:

This is a short interactive activity that tests your knowledge of the solar system.

Type: Educational Game

All Systems are Go!:

In this online activity, a fictional character, Arnold is missing a number of body parts. You will be presented with a body system and a variety of organs. Drag and drop all the organs that belong in that particular body system to Arnold's body. Once all four systems are complete, a clothed Arnold will appear.

Note: If you drag in an organ that doesn't belong, all the organs pop out and you will have to start that system over. This exercise can also be found at under mind games.

Type: Educational Game


Photos of Ecological Adaptations:

This website uses images of many insects to illustrate various forms of coloration or patterning for camouflage, mating, communication, mimicry, and other purposes. Examples for entomological use include walking sticks, katydids, moths, ambush bugs, and many others.

Type: Image/Photograph

Thunderstorms, Tornadoes, Lightning: A Preparedness Guide:

This PDF included at this site has information about family preparedness plans and safety rules, and information about thunderstorms, tornadoes, and lightning such as facts, when and where they occur, and how they form.

Type: Image/Photograph

Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

Amplifying Forces with an Atlatl:

Ancient weapons technologies developed by humans proved that they were better at physics than the saber-toothed cats.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Type: Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast


The Water Cycle (at Tarheel Reader):

This is an accessible, easy-to-read book about the water cycle. It can be downloaded in Power Point, Impress, or Flash formats. For struggling or non-readers the book can be read aloud in a variety of voices. All of the books on the Tar Heel Reader site can be used with the Intellikeys keyboard with a custom overlay, a touch screen, and 1-3 switches. The text and background colors can be modified for students with visual impairments.

Type: Presentation/Slideshow

Water Science for Schools:

This interactive site allows you to learn all about the water cycle. The site provides hydrology data, examples, pictures, definitions, and more in multiple languages.

Type: Presentation/Slideshow

Animal Adaptations:

This is an accessible, easy-to-read book about some of the adaptations animals make in order to survive and thrive. It can be downloaded in Power Point, Impress, and Flash formats. For struggling or non-readers the book can be read aloud in a variety of voices. All of the book on the Tarheel Reader site can be used with an Intellikeys keyboard and a custom overlay, a touch screen, and up to three switches. The text and background colors can be modified for students with visual impairments.

Type: Presentation/Slideshow

Text Resource

Plant Adaptations:

This is an informational resource for teachers and students. It contains descriptions and pictures of different biomes, examples of some of the plants that live there, and some of the adaptations those plants have. This resource only covers plant adaptation not animals.

Type: Text Resource


Skin Cancer Investigation:

In this interactive students will have an opportunity to learn about the basics of healthy skin as well as skin cancer diagnosis and prevention. In the second part of the interactive students role play as employees of a fictional skin cancer lab. Students will need to screen skin samples, identify symptoms and determine whether skin samples are cancerous.

Type: Tutorial

Heart Pumping Blood:

This simple tutorial will give students an overview about the pumping of blood by the heart. This animation will help students understand how oxygenated blood and deoxygenated blood moves in the different chambers of the heart.

Type: Tutorial

Clouds and Moisture:

The Treehouse Weather Kids is designed for teachers and students in the 5th – 8th grades. It provides basic information on weather topics such as winds, moisture, air pressure, seasons, and storms. This tutorial discusses clouds, humidity, and precipitation.

Type: Tutorial

Air Pressure and Wind:

The Treehouse Weather Kids is designed for teachers and students in the 5th – 8th grades. It provides basic information on weather topics such as winds, moisture, air pressure, seasons, and storms. This tutorial discusses air pressue and wind.

Type: Tutorial

How You Breathe:

This tutorial will help you understand the process of breathing. You will be able to visualize how the lungs expand when we take in air and return to the resting state as the air leaves the lungs when we breathe out.

Type: Tutorial

Energy Story:

This site provides text explaining what energy is and how it works in our world. The site includes simple definitions of energy and interesting pictures that help students relate energy to their everyday world. To navigate through the site click the titles beside each chapter in the blue box on the left side of the homepage.

Type: Tutorial


Thirstin's Water Cycle:

The representation is an animation of the water cycle. The user can select individual parts, such as: rain, water vapor, water storage and clouds. The user can observe water as it cycles through the various parts of the water cycle.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Testing for Static Electricity:

This four minute video features a great explanation and demonstration of static electricity. The video also includes a great activity suggestion: create your own electroscopes to test for the presence of static electricity.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Beneath the Waters of Cocos Island:

Cocos Island, a remote volcanic summit in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, serves as a beacon for hungry predators, including thousands of hammerhead sharks that travel here each year in search of prey. This video segment from NOVA: "Island of Sharks" depicts some of the common predator-prey interactions that take place in the nutrient-rich waters surrounding the island and focuses on the advantages and disadvantages of one behavioral adaptation common among prey fishes: schooling.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Desert Biome:

This video segment from NOVA: "A Desert Place" details the behaviors and habitats of some of the Sonoran Desert's creatures, focusing on the adaptations they use to survive in one of the most extreme environments in the world.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Teri and Jarius: Biome Buddies:

This video segment from ZOOM compares and contrasts some of the more interesting climatic and ecological characteristics of the Death Valley desert with those found in the temperate rainforest of the Pacific Northwest. Adapatations used by plants and animals in these climates are discussed and further highlighted in the background essay.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation


The beaver is often referred to as nature's own engineer. This video segment focuses on the beaver's ability to transform its environment to suit itself. The beaver does so with an innate ability to construct dams -- a feat no creature, save humans, is able to achieve.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Kid Meteorologist:

In this ZOOM-adapted video clip, a student explains how her interest in weather observation led her to volunteer at a local weather center so she could get practical experience with weather instruments and learn from a practicing meteorologist how forecasts are created.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Precipitation Observation:

Precipitation is water that falls from the sky, such as rain or snow. Precipitation can affect your day-to-day life, even though it is just one aspect of the weather. However, precipitation is also vital to the water cycle as it returns water from the atmosphere back to Earth's surface. In this video clip three different types of precipitation are observed - rain, hail, and snow.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Masters of Disguise:

This video segment explores the world of camouflage, including some of the methods and benefits of this important evolutionary strategy. Footage from NOVA: "Animal Impostors."

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

An Everglades Visit:

In this ZOOM-adapted video clip, guest Tommy takes you into Florida's Everglades, describing the animals, plants, and weather he observes while in swamps and marshy grasslands. Connections between other regions are made, such as bird migration from one ecosystem to another.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Solar Still Part 1: Salt Water:

The process that moves water around Earth is known as the water cycle. I this ZOOM-adapted video clip, the cast uses a homemade solar still to separate pure water from a saltwater mixture, mimicing this natural process.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Meteor Showers:

While commonly referred to as "shooting stars," meteors and meteor showers are, in fact, unrelated to stars. Instead, these streaks of light are the glow of interplanetary debris crashing into Earth's atmosphere. In this animated video adapted from NASA, learn about these "shooting stars" and the reasons behind annual meteor showers.

Type: Video/Audio/Animation

Virtual Manipulatives

See All You Can See:

This resource provides a collection of games based on identifying the parts of the eye and their functions, understanding the vision process, and learning about some of the protective eye wear associated with certain sports and daily activities.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

A Pendulum:

This virtual manipulative will help the students learn some important concepts of classical mechanics, such as gravitational acceleration, energy conservation and so on. This activity will also help in students learning via the process of making predictions (about number of pendulum swings), discussing outcomes and sharing results.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Friction (at Molecular Workbench):

Friction is important in enabling the movement of objects. Friction is a force that acts in an opposite direction to movement. Friction is everywhere when objects come into contact with each other. Observe what happens when the surfaces are very smooth or slippery, it reduces the friction and thus it makes harder to stop the motion.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Static Electricity:

This online manipulative models and simulates common static electricity concepts such as transfer of charge.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

The Solar System:

This interesting game require the students to help the comet get to the sun, by answering some simple questions regarding to the solar system.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Solar System Exploration:

This resource provides an interactive tool for the exploration of the solar system. To navigate the interactive solar system move the mouse to hover the target over different objects, to learn more about each click to access images, information about scientists, homework help, articles, news, missions, time lines, and important facts.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Signal Circuit:

This virtual manipulative will help you learn why the lights turn on in a room as soon as someone flip the switch. This virtual manipulative will allow you to flip the switch and watch the electrons.
Some of the sample learning goals can be:

  • Explain what happens when you turn on the switch.
  • Determine whether the blue spheres are positive or negative charges. Explain your thinking.

Type: Virtual Manipulative


This resource will build the following skills:

  • Describe the relationship of mass and volume to density.
  • Compare objects of same mass and different volume and vice versa.
  • Explain that density of a certain object does not vary with its mass or volume.
  • Measure the volume of an object from fluid displacement.
  • Use density to identify an unknown material.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Balance Challenge Game:

Play with objects on a teeter totter to learn about balance.

  • Predict how objects of various masses can be used to make a plank balance.
  • Predict how changing the positions of the masses on the plank will affect the motion of the plank
  • Write rules to predict which way plank will tilt when objects are placed on it.
  • Use your rules to solve puzzles about balancing.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Explore the forces:

Students can create an applied force and see how it makes objects move. They can also make changes in friction and see how it affects the motion of objects.

  • Identify when forces are balanced vs. unbalanced.
  • Determine the sum of forces (net force) on an object with more than one force on it.
  • Predict the motion of an object with zero net force.
  • Predict the direction of motion given a combination of forces.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

A Kid-Friendly Solar System:

This website is designed by NASA for student use, so it provides the most current, accurate information regarding the objects in our solar system. Each object in the solar system is available on the first screen. Click on any of the names of the objects, and it links to a description of the object.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Forces in 1 Dimension:

This is a virtual manipulative which demonstrates the principles of force. Students can click on a man and push different objects of varying masses across the screen. The resulting forces (frictional and total force) are shown. Graphs show forces, position and acceleration as a function of time. Free body diagrams of all the forces can also be viewed.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Circuit Construction Simulation:

An electronics kit in your computer! Build circuits with resistors, light bulbs, batteries, and switches. Investigate conductivity of various materials. Take measurements with the realistic ammeter and voltmeter. View the circuit as a schematic diagram, or switch to a life-like view.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

The Disaster Area: FEMA for Kids:

Through this website, students learn about different weather disasters and what to do before, during, and after an emergency.

Type: Virtual Manipulative

Parent Resources

Vetted resources caregivers can use to help students learn the concepts and skills in this course.