Standard #: MAFS.K.G.1.3 (Archived Standard)


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Identify shapes as two-dimensional (lying in a plane, “flat”) or three-dimensional (“solid”).


General Information

Subject Area: Mathematics
Grade: K
Domain-Subdomain: Geometry
Cluster: Identify and describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres). (Additional Cluster) -

Clusters should not be sorted from Major to Supporting and then taught in that order. To do so would strip the coherence of the mathematical ideas and miss the opportunity to enhance the major work of the grade with the supporting clusters.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/14
Content Complexity Rating: Level 1: Recall - More Information
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved - Archived

Related Courses

Course Number1111 Course Title222
5012020: Grade Kindergarten Mathematics (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7712015: Access Mathematics - Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5001010: Art – Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2019, 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
5020070: STEM Lab Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7701020: Access Art Grade Kindergarten (Specifically in versions: 2018 - 2019, 2019 and beyond (current))
5012005: Foundational Skills in Mathematics K-2 (Specifically in versions: 2019 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))


Related Resources

Educational Games

Name Description
Is it 2D or 3D? Score points by sorting 2D and 3D shapes into the correct basket as they fly by. Lose points if you answer incorrectly.
Shape & Solid Exploration In this game, learners use clues to identify mystery shapes. Use everyday objects (like from the pantry) as the shapes. It is important for learners to be able to describe a shape with correct math vocabulary and to be able to visualize a shape in their head.

Formative Assessments

Name Description
Squares and Cubes

Students compare a cube to a square face of the cube.

Spheres and Circles

Students determine if a globe and a circle are two-dimensional or three-dimensional and explain their reasoning.

Is it Plane or Solid?

Students examine a rectangle and a rectangular prism to discuss the similarities and differences.

Comparing a Cylinder to a Circle

Students compare the outline of the circular base of a cylinder to the cylinder itself.

Lesson Plans

Name Description
Eating Shapes (Exploring 3D Shapes)

This lesson is an introduction to 3-dimensional shapes. The lessons uses food to help students explore the attributes of those shapes. Then, of course, the students get to eat them!

Hide and Seek those Shapes In this lesson, students will discover the names of different two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes and their attributes through activities such as singing shape songs, playing "Hide and Seek" with shapes, and playing "Hot and Cold" to find shapes in the classroom.
Shape Safari- 2-D and 3-D shapes

This lesson uses an "I do, We do, You do" approach to identifying 2-D and 3-D shapes. The students will use sorting and searching to investigate the ways that shapes are alike and different. The students will also work whole group to collaborate and expand their understanding of the subject. This lesson is a great way to get students involved in their learning and to help foster a love of math. Included in the lesson is a Formative and Summative assessment to help monitor students' progress and understanding of the lesson.

Where's that shape? Where am I? The lesson focus will be a kinesthetic approach to understanding relative positions in the environment. The lesson begins with a critical input experience, as students move around their surrounding, looking for shapes around them. Basic shapes include circle, square, triangle and rectangle. Students will learn the concept of "flat" and "solid" shapes in the real world setting. As the lesson progresses, students will learn the relative positions of their own bodies, including but not limited to above, below, beside, in front of, behind, between, and next to. The lesson will be followed by guided instruction portion using hands-on manipulatives and then paper and crayons to transfer learned skills. The learning sequence will conclude with an informal assessment of student understanding.
Going On a Shape Hunt: Integrating Math and Literacy

Integrating mathematics and literacy allows students to develop an understanding of the place of mathematics in their world. Students are introduced to the idea of shapes through a read-aloud session with an appropriate book. They then use models to learn the names of shapes, work together and individually to locate shapes in their real-world environment, practice spelling out the names of shapes they locate, and reflect in writing on the process. This lesson provides opportunities to engage students using many different learning modalities.

Sorting Recycling

In this MEA, students will sort recycling material based on the shape, name the shapes, and decide on what recycling bin would be the best for the city to choose. Students will write and draw a picture describing which recycling bin they chose.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Sports Equipment Store

Students will help Mr. Bob Fitness choose a piece of sports equipment for his new store. Students will work with three-dimensional shapes and determine a procedure in choosing the equipment.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Lesson Study Resource Kit

Name Description
Geometry Lesson Study Resource Kit - Kindergarten This lesson study resource kit can be used to guide and support teams of kindergarten teachers as they engage in lesson study focused on the academic standards in the Geometry domain.

Original Student Tutorial

Name Description
Sorting Shapes

Learn to sort and identify two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes in this carnival-themed interactive tutorial.

Teaching Idea

Name Description
Shape Hunt

To give students opportunities to recognize, describe, build, and explore shapes in many different contexts.

Video/Audio/Animation

Name Description
3D Shapes Video This upbeat music video reviews 3D shapes including the sphere, cylinder, cube, cone, and pyramid. As each 3D shape is presented, examples of things we see every day that have the same shape are also shown for reinforcement.

(Length: 3:02)

Virtual Manipulative

Name Description
Shape Tool

This virtual manipulative allows you to create, color, enlarge, shrink, rotate, reflect, slice, and glue geometric shapes, such as: squares, triangles, rhombi, trapezoids and hexagons.

Student Resources

Original Student Tutorial

Name Description
Sorting Shapes:

Learn to sort and identify two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes in this carnival-themed interactive tutorial.

Educational Game

Name Description
Is it 2D or 3D?: Score points by sorting 2D and 3D shapes into the correct basket as they fly by. Lose points if you answer incorrectly.

Virtual Manipulative

Name Description
Shape Tool:

This virtual manipulative allows you to create, color, enlarge, shrink, rotate, reflect, slice, and glue geometric shapes, such as: squares, triangles, rhombi, trapezoids and hexagons.



Parent Resources

Video/Audio/Animation

Name Description
3D Shapes Video: This upbeat music video reviews 3D shapes including the sphere, cylinder, cube, cone, and pyramid. As each 3D shape is presented, examples of things we see every day that have the same shape are also shown for reinforcement.

(Length: 3:02)

Virtual Manipulative

Name Description
Shape Tool:

This virtual manipulative allows you to create, color, enlarge, shrink, rotate, reflect, slice, and glue geometric shapes, such as: squares, triangles, rhombi, trapezoids and hexagons.



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