Standard #: SC.912.L.18.9


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Explain the interrelated nature of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.


General Information

Subject Area: Science
Grade: 912
Body of Knowledge: Life Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Standard: Matter and Energy Transformations -

A. All living things are composed of four basic categories of macromolecules and share the same basic needs for life.

B. Living organisms acquire the energy they need for life processes through various metabolic pathways (primarily photosynthesis and cellular respiration).

C. Chemical reactions in living things follow basic rules of chemistry and are usually regulated by enzymes.

D. The unique chemical properties of carbon and water make life on Earth possible.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes

Test Item Specifications

    Also Assesses:

    SC.912.L.18.7 Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of photosynthesis.

    SC.912.L.18.8 Identify the reactants, products, and basic functions of aerobic and anaerobic cellular respiration.

    SC.912.L.18.10 Connect the role of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to energy transfers within a cell.

    Clarification :

    Students will explain how the products of photosynthesis are used as reactants for cellular respiration and vice versa.

    Students will explain how photosynthesis stores energy and cellular respiration releases energy.

    Students will identify the reactants, products and/or the basic function of photosynthesis.

    Students will identify the reactants, products and/or the basic functions of aerobic and anaerobic cellular respiration.

    Students will connect the role of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to energy transfers within the cell.

    Content Limits :

    Items will not require the memorization of the stages, specific events, or intermediate molecules produced during these processes.

    Items will not require the balancing of equations.

    Items will not assess plant structures.

    Stimulus Attributes :

    Scenarios may include chemical equations.

    Scenarios referring to adenosine triphosphate should use the abbreviation ATP rather than the words adenosine triphosphate.

    Response Attributes :
    None Specified
    Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply scientific knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge of SC.6.L.14.4, SC.8.L.18.1, SC.8.L.18.2, SC.7.P.11.2, and SC.7.P.11.3.


Sample Test Items (1)

Test Item # Question Difficulty Type
Sample Item 1

The diagram below shows the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration and the organelles in which they occur.

 

Which statement describes how photosynthesis and cellular respiration are interrelated?

N/A MC: Multiple Choice


Related Courses

Course Number1111 Course Title222
2002110: M/J Comprehensive Science 3, Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000310: Biology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000320: Biology 1 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000330: Biology 2 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000430: Biology Technology (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
3027020: Biotechnology 2 (Specifically in versions: 2015 and beyond (current))
2000370: Botany (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002400: Integrated Science 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002410: Integrated Science 1 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002420: Integrated Science 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002430: Integrated Science 2 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000410: Zoology (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000020: M/J Life Science, Advanced (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000800: Florida's Preinternational Baccalaureate Biology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7920015: Access Biology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
7920025: Access Integrated Science 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
2002085: M/J Comprehensive Science 2 Accelerated Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000315: Biology 1 for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002405: Integrated Science 1 for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2020 (course terminated))
2002425: Integrated Science 2 for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2020 (course terminated))


Related Access Points

Access Point Number Access Point Title
SC.912.L.18.Pa.2 Recognize that plants need water, light, and air to grow.
SC.912.L.18.In.4 Recognize that plants give off oxygen that is used by animals and animals give off carbon dioxide that is used by plants.
SC.912.L.18.Su.4 Recognize that people and animals breathe in the oxygen that plants give off.


Related Resources

Lesson Plans

Name Description
Fueling Cells: Photosynthesis & Cellular Respiration

This a lesson that focuses on the metabolic processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration and how the two processes are related.

Understanding Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis

Students will partake in an introduction of the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration and how they are interrelated. Within this lesson they will also receive data on how each of these processes relate to each each other in the real world. This lesson serves as a basic introduction to the standard.

Two Essential Life Processes Working Hand In Hand

This lesson plan has been designed to help teachers instruct their students on the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration. The goal is for students to recognize the connection between the two. The resources in this lesson plan have been designed to help students investigate and deepen their knowledge on the concepts of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.

Follow the Energy

Students will describe the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration and explain how they work in tandem to convert sunlight into energy that cells can use.

Complementarity of Photosynthesis and Cell Respiration

Using sensor technology, the effect of living plants and animals on each other will be assayed to model the complementarity of the two metabolic processes.

It's a Small World

Students will create a closed system and investigate the effects of organisms on the pH of the closed system to examine the interrelated nature of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.

Just Breathe!

Students will complete an experimental lab setup using snails and elodea in test tubes placed in light and dark conditions to test the outcomes.

Corn Conundrum

The Corn Conundrum MEA provides students with an agricultural problem in which they must work as a team to develop a procedure to select the best variety of corn to grow under drier conditions predicted by models of global climate change. Students must determine the most important factors that make planting crops sustainable in restricted climate conditions for the client. The main focus of this MEA is manipulating factors relating to plant biology, including transpiration and photosynthesis.

Model Eliciting Activities, MEAs, are open-ended, interdisciplinary problem-solving activities that are meant to reveal students’ thinking about the concepts embedded in realistic situations. Click here to learn more about MEAs and how they can transform your classroom.

Original Student Tutorial

Name Description
Energy and Carbon in Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Learn more about photosynthesis and cellular respiration. In this interactive tutorial, you will gain awareness of the connections between these two very important processes with regard to energy and carbon. 

Presentation/Slideshow

Name Description
Cell Processes and Energy: Photosynthesis and Respirataion This presentation, a narrated PowerPoint, provides detailed information regarding photosynthesis and cellular respiration. It is provided by a teacher for his students, but is well-done and engaging enough to be useful for other students.

Tutorials

Name Description
ATP Synthesis During Photosynthesis

Photosynthesis is often described as the reverse of cellular respiration. Respiration breaks down complex molecules to release energy that is used to make ATP. Photosynthesis takes energy from photons and uses it to build complex molecules. However both systems use an electron transport chain and associated proton pump and ATP synthase as a key part of the process. This tutorial will help you to understand the electron transport chain and ATP synthesis.

Mirror Processes

This tutorial will help students to understand that both the process of photosynthesis and cellular respiration use hydrogen ions and high-energy electrons to make molecules of ATP. Learners will be able to compare the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis and the electron transport chain of cellular respiration.

Video/Audio/Animations

Name Description
Photosynthesis
  • Observe the photosynthesis mechanism in the plant
  • Learn about the main chemical reactions that takes place during photosynthesis
  • Learn how solar energy is converted into chemical energy
Cellular Respiration These animations show cell respiration as a big picture, and then go through the steps of cellular respiration: glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, and electron transport. Each animation is short and to the point.
Photosynthesis

This video provides an overview of photosynthesis.

Student Resources

Original Student Tutorial

Name Description
Energy and Carbon in Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration:

Learn more about photosynthesis and cellular respiration. In this interactive tutorial, you will gain awareness of the connections between these two very important processes with regard to energy and carbon. 

Presentation/Slideshow

Name Description
Cell Processes and Energy: Photosynthesis and Respirataion: This presentation, a narrated PowerPoint, provides detailed information regarding photosynthesis and cellular respiration. It is provided by a teacher for his students, but is well-done and engaging enough to be useful for other students.

Tutorials

Name Description
ATP Synthesis During Photosynthesis:

Photosynthesis is often described as the reverse of cellular respiration. Respiration breaks down complex molecules to release energy that is used to make ATP. Photosynthesis takes energy from photons and uses it to build complex molecules. However both systems use an electron transport chain and associated proton pump and ATP synthase as a key part of the process. This tutorial will help you to understand the electron transport chain and ATP synthesis.

Mirror Processes:

This tutorial will help students to understand that both the process of photosynthesis and cellular respiration use hydrogen ions and high-energy electrons to make molecules of ATP. Learners will be able to compare the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis and the electron transport chain of cellular respiration.

Video/Audio/Animations

Name Description
Photosynthesis:
  • Observe the photosynthesis mechanism in the plant
  • Learn about the main chemical reactions that takes place during photosynthesis
  • Learn how solar energy is converted into chemical energy
Photosynthesis:

This video provides an overview of photosynthesis.



Parent Resources

Presentation/Slideshow

Name Description
Cell Processes and Energy: Photosynthesis and Respirataion: This presentation, a narrated PowerPoint, provides detailed information regarding photosynthesis and cellular respiration. It is provided by a teacher for his students, but is well-done and engaging enough to be useful for other students.


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