Standard #: SC.912.L.16.17


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Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis and relate to the processes of sexual and asexual reproduction and their consequences for genetic variation.


General Information

Subject Area: Science
Grade: 912
Body of Knowledge: Life Science
Standard: Heredity and Reproduction -

A. DNA stores and transmits genetic information. Genes are sets of instructions encoded in the structure of DNA.

B. Genetic information is passed from generation to generation by DNA in all organisms and accounts for similarities in related individuals.

C. Manipulation of DNA in organisms has led to commercial production of biological molecules on a large scale and genetically modified organisms.

D. Reproduction is characteristic of living things and is essential for the survival of species.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes

Test Item Specifications

    Also Assesses:

    SC.912.L.16.8 Explain the relationship between mutation, cell cycle, and uncontrolled cell growth potentially resulting in cancer.

    SC.912.L.16.14 Describe the cell cycle, including the process of mitosis. Explain the role of mitosis in the formation of new cells and its importance in maintaining chromosome number during asexual reproduction.

    SC.912.L.16.16 Describe the process of meiosis, including independent assortment and crossing over. Explain how reduction division results in the formation of haploid gametes or spores.

    Clarification :

    Students will differentiate the processes of mitosis and meiosis.

    Students will describe the role of mitosis in asexual reproduction, and/or the role of meiosis in sexual reproduction, including how these processes may contribute to or limit genetic variation.

    Students will describe specific events occurring in each of the stages of the cell cycle and/or phases of mitosis.

    Students will explain how mitosis forms new cells and its role in maintaining chromosome number during asexual reproduction.

    Students will explain how cancer (uncontrolled cell growth) may result from mutations that affect the proteins that regulate the cell cycle.

    Students will describe the process of meiosis, including independent assortment and crossing over.

    Students will explain how meiosis results in the formation of haploid gametes or spores.

    Content Limits :

    Items will focus on the relationship between mutations and uncontrolled cell growth, rather than a specific mutation that may result in uncontrolled cell growth.

    Items may address the presence and location of centrioles but may not require knowledge of the function of centrioles.

    Items referring to mutation will focus on the general concepts of uncontrolled cell growth and not require specific knowledge of cancers or diseases resulting from that growth.

    Items will not assess the specific proteins associated with regulating the cell cycle.

    Items addressing mitosis or meiosis are limited to identification of phases, structures, and major events of each phase.

    Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
    Response Attributes :
    None specified
    Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply scientific knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge of SC.7.L.16.3.


Sample Test Items (1)

Test Item # Question Difficulty Type
Sample Item 1 Mitosis and meiosis are processes involved in cellular reproduction. Which of the following describes an event that results from mitosis but NOT meiosis? N/A MC: Multiple Choice


Related Courses

Course Number1111 Course Title222
2000310: Biology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000320: Biology 1 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000430: Biology Technology (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
3027010: Biotechnology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000440: Genetics Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002400: Integrated Science 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002410: Integrated Science 1 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002420: Integrated Science 2 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002430: Integrated Science 2 Honors (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2000800: Florida's Preinternational Baccalaureate Biology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7920015: Access Biology 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
7920025: Access Integrated Science 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
2000315: Biology 1 for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
2002405: Integrated Science 1 for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2020 (course terminated))
2002425: Integrated Science 2 for Credit Recovery (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2020 (course terminated))


Related Access Points

Access Point Number Access Point Title
SC.912.L.16.Su.6 Recognize that cells reproduce by dividing.
SC.912.L.16.Pa.6 Recognize that living things produce offspring (reproduce).


Related Resources

Educational Game

Name Description
Cell Cycle for 500, Alex - Cell Cycle Jeopardy Template

This interactive website provides challenging questions for students to work cooperatively as they review for formative or summative assessments. The questions provide scaffolding as they progress in order from factual recall to inference.This activity addresses several standards including meiosis, mitosis, gamete/spore formation and independent assortment.

Lesson Plans

Name Description
Sex or No Sex? That is the Question!

This lesson plan allows your students to research methods of reproduction that some organisms have available to them. The students will learn how some organisms can reproduce through asexual reproduction (mitosis) as well as through sexual reproduction (meiosis).

This resource can be as detailed and as lengthy as the teacher desires it to be. It can be used long-term to teach multiple subjects and skills, such as, plants, mitosis, meiosis, genetics, microscope skills, slide making, data keeping, research techniques, and/or nature of science. It can be begun at any time during the course of the school year.

The Making of a Marvel: Part 3

This lesson emphasizes the phases of meiosis and how it is different from mitosis. Students will model each phase using candy worms as chromosomes and other types of candy to represent other cellular structures. This gives students a hands on perspective of meiosis, allowing them to better grasp the differences in phases, as well as to understand the importance of meiosis in sexual reproduction.

Formation of New Cells

This lesson focuses on comparing and contrasting mitosis and meiosis. Included in the activity is an interactive resource that allows students to explore both processes side by side.

Mitosis and Meiosis Pipe Cleaner Simulation: Crossing Over and Independent Assortment

This lesson requires the students to simulate the movement of chromosomes during mitosis and meiosis using different-colored pipe cleaners. The pipe cleaners allow the instructor to highlight both recombination (crossing over) and independent assortment, two important components of meiotic cell division. The processes that create variation among gametes are also emphasized.

This lesson plan includes excellent teacher support in the form of videos that explain how the pipe cleaners should be manipulated to demonstrate the concepts of mitosis, meiosis, and independent assortment.

Applied mitosis and meiosis: plant biotechnology

Students will learn about sexual and asexual reproduction and relate each to the process of mitosis and meiosis within the context of plant biotechnology

Original Student Tutorials

Name Description
Reproduction Strategies

Explore consequences and challenges of reproductive strategies of sea anemones.

Comparing Mitosis and Meiosis

Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis in this interactive tutorial. You'll also relate them to the processes of sexual and asexual reproduction and their consequences for genetic variation.

Perspectives Video: Experts

Name Description
Relationship of Cnidarian Gametes and Body Mass

Will Ryan describes the relationship between anemone reproductive strategy and body mass.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Agriculture: Plant Propagation via Asexual Reproduction

This plant geneticist wants to propagate knowledge about different kinds of plant propagation.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Agriculture: Mitosis and Meiosis

Your understanding of agriscience will bloom and grow as this plant geneticist describes how they use mitosis and meiosis when developing new grape varieties.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Perspectives Video: Professional/Enthusiast

Name Description
Linear Regression for Analysis of Sea Anemone Data

Will Ryan describes how linear regression models contribute towards his research on sea anemones.

Teaching Idea

Name Description
Comparing and Contrasting Mitosis and Meiosis

This step-by-animations explores the stages of two types of cell division, mitosis and meiosis, and how these processes are compared and contrasted to one another and provides a printable version.

Tutorials

Name Description
Spermatogenesis

Spermatogenesis is the process in which spermatozoa are produced from male primordial germ cells by way of mitosis and meiosis. This tutorial will help the learners to understand the process of spermatogenesis.

Comparison of Meiosis and Mitosis

This tutorial will help you to understand the differences and similarities between meiosis and mitosis.

Unique Features of Meiosis

This tutorial will help you to understand the three unique features of meiosis and how meiosis is related to genetic inheritance.

Comparison of Meiosis and Mitosis

This tutorial will help students understand the differences between meiosis and mitosis. The processes differ in two fundamental ways. Meiosis has two rounds of genetic separation and cellular division while mitosis only has one of each. In meiosis, homologous chromosomes separate leading to daughter cells that are not genetically identical. In mitosis, the daughter cells are identical to the parent as well as to each other.

Comparison of Meiosis and Mitosis

This tutorial will help you compare meiosis and mitosis. It discusses the similarities that are found in both, as well as the fundamental differences between the two types of cell division.

Meiosis Tutorial This online tutorial is designed to help students understand the events that occur in process of meiosis.

Worksheet

Name Description
The Biology Corner This resource for biology teachers includes a lesson plan section which contains classroom activities, labs and worksheets. The activity sheets are categorized by Science and Literacy, Anatomy, Scientific Method, Cells, Phyla, Evolution and Taxonomy, Genetics, Ecology, and Plants.

Student Resources

Original Student Tutorials

Name Description
Reproduction Strategies:

Explore consequences and challenges of reproductive strategies of sea anemones.

Comparing Mitosis and Meiosis:

Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis in this interactive tutorial. You'll also relate them to the processes of sexual and asexual reproduction and their consequences for genetic variation.

Perspectives Video: Experts

Name Description
Agriculture: Plant Propagation via Asexual Reproduction:

This plant geneticist wants to propagate knowledge about different kinds of plant propagation.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Agriculture: Mitosis and Meiosis:

Your understanding of agriscience will bloom and grow as this plant geneticist describes how they use mitosis and meiosis when developing new grape varieties.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Tutorials

Name Description
Spermatogenesis:

Spermatogenesis is the process in which spermatozoa are produced from male primordial germ cells by way of mitosis and meiosis. This tutorial will help the learners to understand the process of spermatogenesis.

Comparison of Meiosis and Mitosis:

This tutorial will help you to understand the differences and similarities between meiosis and mitosis.

Unique Features of Meiosis:

This tutorial will help you to understand the three unique features of meiosis and how meiosis is related to genetic inheritance.

Comparison of Meiosis and Mitosis:

This tutorial will help students understand the differences between meiosis and mitosis. The processes differ in two fundamental ways. Meiosis has two rounds of genetic separation and cellular division while mitosis only has one of each. In meiosis, homologous chromosomes separate leading to daughter cells that are not genetically identical. In mitosis, the daughter cells are identical to the parent as well as to each other.

Comparison of Meiosis and Mitosis:

This tutorial will help you compare meiosis and mitosis. It discusses the similarities that are found in both, as well as the fundamental differences between the two types of cell division.

Meiosis Tutorial: This online tutorial is designed to help students understand the events that occur in process of meiosis.


Parent Resources

Perspectives Video: Experts

Name Description
Agriculture: Plant Propagation via Asexual Reproduction:

This plant geneticist wants to propagate knowledge about different kinds of plant propagation.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Agriculture: Mitosis and Meiosis:

Your understanding of agriscience will bloom and grow as this plant geneticist describes how they use mitosis and meiosis when developing new grape varieties.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Teaching Idea

Name Description
Comparing and Contrasting Mitosis and Meiosis:

This step-by-animations explores the stages of two types of cell division, mitosis and meiosis, and how these processes are compared and contrasted to one another and provides a printable version.



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