Standard #: SC.912.P.10.13


This document was generated on CPALMS - www.cpalms.org



Relate the configuration of static charges to the electric field, electric force, electric potential, and electric potential energy.


General Information

Subject Area: Science
Grade: 912
Body of Knowledge: Physical Science
Standard: Energy -

A. Energy is involved in all physical and chemical processes. It is conserved, and can be transformed from one form to another and into work. At the atomic and nuclear levels energy is not continuous but exists in discrete amounts. Energy and mass are related through Einstein's equation E=mc2.

B. The properties of atomic nuclei are responsible for energy-related phenomena such as radioactivity, fission and fusion.

C. Changes in entropy and energy that accompany chemical reactions influence reaction paths. Chemical reactions result in the release or absorption of energy.

D. The theory of electromagnetism explains that electricity and magnetism are closely related. Electric charges are the source of electric fields. Moving charges generate magnetic fields.

E. Waves are the propagation of a disturbance. They transport energy and momentum but do not transport matter.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved

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Related Resources

Perspectives Video: Expert

Name Description
Electromagnetic Robot Muscles

Dr. Oates uses engineering practices to design artificial muscles that react to electrostatic fields.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Teaching Idea

Name Description
Solar fuels and artificial photosythesis This resource centers around the pathways, reactants, and products of photosynthesis, as well as how the natural process can be manipulated to produce energy for human use. The webpage contains a variety of infographs explaining photosynthesis, artificial photosynthesis, splitting of water molecules into the component atoms, and the production and use of solar fuels. The resource also includes two text articles related to the topic.

Text Resource

Name Description
Spider Webs More Effective at Snaring Electrically Charged Insects

This informational text resource is intended to support reading in the content area.

The text describes how negatively charged spider webs attract positively charged insects. The article includes a link to an optional video and two good pictures of insects interacting with spider webs. This resource also includes text-dependent questions.

Video/Audio/Animation

Name Description
Electric Field of Dreams
  • Explain the effect of adding a charged particle to an electric field
  • Explain the interactions that take place between two neighboring charged particles
  • Explain the relationship between the sign and magnitude of the charge on a charged particle and an electric field
  • Show the effect of adding an external electric field

Virtual Manipulatives

Name Description
Coulomb's Law


This virtual manipulative will help the learners understand Coulomb's law which is the fundamental principle of electrostatics. It is the force of attraction or repulsion between two charged particles which is directly proportional to the product of the charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them.

Interaction Between a Charged Balloon and a Wall


This virtual manipulative demonstrates the electrostatic interaction between a charged balloon and a wall. Students may play with the slider of "Charges on the balloon" to change the type and amount of the charges on the balloon. The simulation also has the option of seeing a microscopic model which helps in understanding the phenomenon. After adjusting the charge press PLAY to observe the interaction.

Charges and Fields
This virtual manipulative will allow the students to understand that the electric field is the region where the force on one charge is caused by the presence of another charge. The students will recognize the equipotential lines that exist between the charged regions.
Some of the sample learning goals can be:
  • Determine the variables that affect how charged bodies interact.
  • Predict how charged bodies will interact.
  • Describe the strength and direction of the electric field around a charged body.
Balloons and Static Electricity The students will rub a balloon on a sweater and see how charges are exchanged between the two objects. With these changes they will see their interactions.

Student Resources

Perspectives Video: Expert

Name Description
Electromagnetic Robot Muscles:

Dr. Oates uses engineering practices to design artificial muscles that react to electrostatic fields.

Download the CPALMS Perspectives video student note taking guide.

Virtual Manipulatives

Name Description
Charges and Fields:
This virtual manipulative will allow the students to understand that the electric field is the region where the force on one charge is caused by the presence of another charge. The students will recognize the equipotential lines that exist between the charged regions.
Some of the sample learning goals can be:
  • Determine the variables that affect how charged bodies interact.
  • Predict how charged bodies will interact.
  • Describe the strength and direction of the electric field around a charged body.
Balloons and Static Electricity: The students will rub a balloon on a sweater and see how charges are exchanged between the two objects. With these changes they will see their interactions.


Parent Resources

Virtual Manipulatives

Name Description
Coulomb's Law:


This virtual manipulative will help the learners understand Coulomb's law which is the fundamental principle of electrostatics. It is the force of attraction or repulsion between two charged particles which is directly proportional to the product of the charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them.

Interaction Between a Charged Balloon and a Wall:


This virtual manipulative demonstrates the electrostatic interaction between a charged balloon and a wall. Students may play with the slider of "Charges on the balloon" to change the type and amount of the charges on the balloon. The simulation also has the option of seeing a microscopic model which helps in understanding the phenomenon. After adjusting the charge press PLAY to observe the interaction.

Charges and Fields:
This virtual manipulative will allow the students to understand that the electric field is the region where the force on one charge is caused by the presence of another charge. The students will recognize the equipotential lines that exist between the charged regions.
Some of the sample learning goals can be:
  • Determine the variables that affect how charged bodies interact.
  • Predict how charged bodies will interact.
  • Describe the strength and direction of the electric field around a charged body.


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