Standard #: SC.1.P.13.1


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Demonstrate that the way to change the motion of an object is by applying a push or a pull.


General Information

Subject Area: Science
Grade: 1
Body of Knowledge: Physical Science
Big Idea: Forces and Changes in Motion - A. It takes energy to change the motion of objects.

B. Energy change is understood in terms of forces--pushes or pulls.

C. Some forces act through physical contact, while others act at a distance.

Clarification for grades K-5: The target understanding for students in the elementary grades should focus on Big Ideas A, B, and C.

Clarification for grades 6-8: The target understanding for students in grades 6-8 should begin to transition the focus to a more specific definition of forces and changes in motion. Net forces create a change in motion. A change in momentum occurs when a net force is applied to an object over a time interval.

Grades 9-12, Standard 12: Motion - A. Motion can be measured and described qualitatively and quantitatively. Net forces create a change in motion. B. Momentum is conserved under well-defined conditions. A change in momentum occurs when a net force is applied to an object over a time interval.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

Course Number1111 Course Title222
5020020: Science Grade One (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))
7720020: Access Science Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
5020080: STEM Lab Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022, 2022 and beyond (current))


Related Access Points

Access Point Number Access Point Title
SC.1.P.13.In.1 Identify the effect that a push or pull has on an object, such as changing the way an object moves.
SC.1.P.13.Su.1 Demonstrate and recognize that pushing or pulling of an object makes it move.
SC.1.P.13.Pa.1 Apply a push to move an object.


Related Resources

Lesson Plans

Name Description
Water and Ice Dance

In this lesson the students will create a dance composition inspired by water and ice. Students will explore textures of water and ice via prompts and cuing given to students in order to elicit spontaneous movement responses.

Making Objects Move Science NetLinks In this lesson, students identify ways to make objects move while recording their techniques. Students then engineer a track that will place an object as close to an exact location as possible. Students will test and revise their tracks.
Give it a Push!

In this lesson, students learn about forces on objects such as a push or a pull. Students interact with items in their classroom testing pushes and pulls. Students explore the strength of pushes through a toy race investigation.

Let's Use Force The students will be able to explain how a push or pull affects how an object moves, the difference of a push and pull, and the way to change how something is moving is to give it a push or a pull.
Push and Pull Magnet Art – an Engineering Design Challenge

This Engineering Design Challenge is intended to help first grade students apply the concepts of the various ways objects can move, and that the way to change the motion of an object is to apply a push or a pull. It is not intended as an initial introduction to this benchmark.

Original Student Tutorial

Name Description
Playing with Science: Push & Pull

Learn how to change the motion of an object by applying pushing and pulling forces using a variety of toys.

Teaching Ideas

Name Description
All About Motion Students will observe and discuss motion in learning stations or in demonstration. They will observe and discuss how a push or pull affects motion.
How and Where Things Move Students explore a variety of objects to discover the many ways the objects move-up and down, straight line, in circles, back and forth. They will discover that a force (push or pull) makes it move.
Investigating Motion With Marbles In this guided inquiry activity, students will use 2 marbles of different size and a box to investigate what makes the marbles move and what will cause the marbles to change speed and direction.

Unit/Lesson Sequence

Name Description
What Makes Objects Move?

In this unit, students use different objects and observations to explore what factors influence an objects' motion.

Student Resources

Original Student Tutorial

Name Description
Playing with Science: Push & Pull:

Learn how to change the motion of an object by applying pushing and pulling forces using a variety of toys.



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