Standard #: SC.1.N.1.1

This document was generated on CPALMS -

Raise questions about the natural world, investigate them in teams through free exploration, and generate appropriate explanations based on those explorations.

General Information

Subject Area: Science
Grade: 1
Body of Knowledge: Nature of Science
Idea: Level 3: Strategic Thinking & Complex Reasoning
Big Idea: The Practice of Science -

A: Scientific inquiry is a multifaceted activity; The processes of science include the formulation of scientifically investigable questions, construction of investigations into those questions, the collection of appropriate data, the evaluation of the meaning of those data, and the communication of this evaluation.

B: The processes of science frequently do not correspond to the traditional portrayal of "the scientific method."

C: Scientific argumentation is a necessary part of scientific inquiry and plays an important role in the generation and validation of scientific knowledge.

D: Scientific knowledge is based on observation and inference; it is important to recognize that these are very different things. Not only does science require creativity in its methods and processes, but also in its questions and explanations.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved

Related Courses

Course Number1111 Course Title222
5020020: Science Grade One (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)
7720020: Access Science Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2014 - 2015, 2015 - 2018, 2018 and beyond (current))
5011010: Library Skills/Information Literacy Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022 (current), 2022 - 2023, 2023 and beyond)
5020080: STEM Lab Grade 1 (Specifically in versions: 2016 - 2022 (current), 2022 and beyond)

Related Access Points

Access Point Number Access Point Title
SC.1.N.1.In.1 Request information about the environment.
SC.1.N.1.Su.1 Ask questions about common objects in the environment.
SC.1.N.1.Pa.1 Recognize common objects in the environment.

Related Resources

Lesson Plans

Name Description
Squeaky Clean

Students will learn that personal hygiene is needed for overall health. Students will investigate different types of hand cleansers and cleaners in order to find the best solution to keeping germs at bay.

Design a Tub Toy - An Engineering Design Challenge

This Engineering Design Challenge is intended to help students apply the concepts floating and sinking in an engineering design challenge.

Sink or Float?

This lesson helps students explore different objects that may sink or float. The teacher will begin the lesson with two candy bars. The students will be able to touch and feel the weight of the candy bars and make predictions on whether the candy will sink or float. After the teacher performs the investigation students will be broken up into groups of three to four and will look at ten different objects and predict if they will sink or float. The students will record their predictions. Fill out a table with there findings and write about why there predictions were correct or incorrect. By the end of the lesson students should understand what a prediction is. They should also understand that objects with more air float.

Seaweed Science

This lesson allows students to begin learning the scientific process of prediction using seaweed. The students will be engaged in a hands-on investigation and will find out that many products they currently eat contain seaweed.

Dive, Drop, and Down

This lesson allows students to explore and learn about the Law of Gravity. In this lesson, students will discover how gravity affects different household objects. Students will also discuss with the class and teacher to explain what gravity is and how it correlates to the world around us. This lesson should take two science blocks of 45 minutes each to complete.

Matter is EVERYWHERE Part 4

Through exploration and discussion, the students will identify whether an object sinks or floats as a property of matter. Students will also sort objects by whether the object sinks or floats. This lesson is part 4 of a 4 part unit on Properties of Matter. During each lesson, the students will explore specific properties of matter through hands-on activities.

Matter is EVERYWHERE Part 2

Through exploration and discussion students will identify texture as a property of matter. Students will develop vocabulary related to describing texture. Students will sort objects by texture. This lesson is part 2 of a 4 part unit on Properties of Matter. During each lesson students will explore specific properties of matter through hands-on activities.

"Handy" Constellations

This lesson allows students to explore constellations, starting with Gemini. Students will learn about constellations and learn that there are more stars in the sky than anyone can easily count. Students will create a constellation of their own using the outline of their hand. At the end of the lesson, the students will understand that constellations can be viewed differently by others. A worksheet will be completed as a summative assessment.

Double Bubble Science In this lesson, students will understand how to use the scientific method to find answers to questions. Students will understand how an inventor uses a question to solve a problem. Students will investigate how to make bubbles with household items and identify different steps of the scientific method that help solve a problem.
Investigating Local Ecosystems This lesson provides students with opportunities to investigate the habitats of local plants and animals and explore some of the ways animals depend on plants and each other.
Hatching Chickens This lesson will help students understand the importance of carefully observing and caring for eggs and chickens in the classroom.
Night Journals

This project engages students in data collection as they record their observations of the stars over a month-long period. Teachers keep a class journal (recording their own observations) and students will record their observations each night in their journals by drawing what they saw. Discussion and a follow-up activity involving marshmallows emphasize the multitude and placement of stars.

Float or Sink?

This lesson builds on lessons regarding the different properties of solids by having students explore how different objects float or sink when placed in water.

Some Things Happen Fast and Some Things Happen Slow

In this lesson, teachers show their students pictures of different events happening on Earth and asks if these events happen quickly or slowly, how students generated that judgment, and what happens on Earth after each event occurred. Students can explore a location around the school and record observations in their notebook about what events may be occurring in that location and if they are occurring slowly or quickly.

Tree Observations

In this project, each class "adopts" a tree and collects data about it over the entire year. Teachers maintain a class tree notebook that includes a picture of the tree and a description of the environmental characteristics on each observation day as students draw a picture of the tree that day in their personal science notebooks. Emphasis should be placed on the importance of water, sunlight, and food as essential to the tree's survival.

Weighted Eggs Students arrange 5 plastic eggs (with objects of different weights inside) in order from lightest to heaviest.
Catching a Balance Diet In this lesson students learn the importance of eating balanced meals and selecting foods the that make up a balanced meal by playing a fishing game.

Lesson Study Resource Kit

Name Description
Diversity and Evolution grades K-2 This resource kit is designed to facilitate K-2 teachers in the development of a unit of instruction that is focused on diversity, adaptation, and classification of living things. Complete with background information for teachers as well as engaging activities and lessons for students, this kit contains exemplary materials that align with Florida's NGSSS for science and includes recommendations for informational texts that align with Florida Standards for English language arts.

Resource Collection

Name Description
Air and Weather - FOSS Module The Air and Weather Module consists of four sequential investigations, each designed to introduce concepts in earth science. The investigations provide opportunities for young students to explore the natural world by using simple tools to observe and monitor change.

Teaching Ideas

Name Description
Colorado Bird Project

This teaching idea describes a project completed by students in Colorado after studying birds. Students wrote and illustrated informational texts that included information on the physical characteristics of a bird found in Colorado. The same teaching idea can be used with birds from any state.

A Shrimpy Home-SeaWorld Classroom Activity In this activity, students will demonstrate how changes in an environment can affect the survival of an animal.
A Slick Operation: Oil Spill Lab-SeaWorld Classroom Activity In this activity, given selected materials, the students will be able to demonstrate and discuss the effects of oil on a bird's feathers and discuss a variety of ways humans might be able to remove it.
Friction Lesson Plan

Teacher-created resource on friction for 1st graders.

Aiming For Action-SeaWorld Classroom Activity In this activity, students will use hand-eye coordination and large muscle skills as they reinforce positive action choices that help endangered wildlife and habitats.
A Story Without Words-SeaWorld Classroom Activity In this activity, the students will be able to describe the jobs people can do at a zoo or an aquarium.
Birds' Bills Students will compare and contrast different kinds of birds' bills and categorize pictures. After drawing the bills in each category, they will then compare the bill types with common household items.
Catch as Catch Can-SeaWorld Classroom Activity In this activity, the students simulate fishing techniques and explore processes that result in bycatch. They visually express their catch in the form of a graph at the end of the activity.
Dolphin Polo-SeaWorld Classroom Activity In this activity, students will play a game to experience how dolphins use echolocation to find their food.
Focused Observation: Recording A Hike Students will learn how to focus their observations during a nature hike. The children record their observations on a sheet of paper which has been horizontally divided into thirds. Alongside the divisions is a stick figure with the top of the head touching the top line and the knees directly touching the bottom line. This way the paper is divided to record things observed above a student's head, below the student's knees and in between the student's head and knees.
How Degrading-SeaWorld Classroom Activity In this activity, given examples of trash generated by a family over a 24-hour period, the student will be able to demonstrate how some materials degrade in salt water better than others. They will be able to generate ideas for ways to reduce plastic pollution.
Introducing The Nature Journal This is an introduction to the nature journal. Students will get an opportunity to use their nature journals when we visit the prairie garden at our school. Students will choose one plant and describe it in words and with a drawing. As a classroom follow-up, students will try to match their journal entry with photographs of the plants from the garden.
Living and Nonliving The students will think about what is alive. They will practice how scientists observe and record. Going outside they will record in their journal the things they observe under the heading they think it belongs in-living or nonliving.
Manatee Musical Chairs-SeaWorld Classroom Activity In this activity, students will learn about factors that affect manatee populations.
Sensory Butterfly Garden In this activity we use our butterfly garden that the students built to investigate the natural world using inquiry and their senses
Sorting Solids

Students are asked to sort solids in a variety of ways and justify their reasoning for sorting the solids.

Survivor-SeaWorld Classroom Activity In this activity, students investigate how a sea lion pup's behavior is important for its survival.
Webcams: Animal Inquiry and Observation

Observe animal habits and habitats using one of the many webcams broadcasting from zoos and aquariums around the United States and the world in this inquiry-based activity that focuses on observation logs, class discussion, questioning, and research.

Wiggly Worms In this inquiry-based worms lesson, students will compare and contrast red worms and earthworms through exploration (magnifying glasses provided) and a read-aloud.

Unit/Lesson Sequences

Name Description
Properties of the Sun

These two lesson plans provide projects that allow students to 1) design, create, and test shade structures using given materials (connecting to the engineering design process) and 2) explore harmful and beneficial properties of the Sun through observing the effects of exposure or non-exposure of certain materials to sunlight and heat.

Tracking Growth and Comparing Offspring

In "How Do We Grow," students are asked to bring in pictures of themselves as infants and as they look now. Teachers record height and weight measurements (ideally at the beginning and end of the year) to illustrate how the students change and grow throughout the year; discussion is centered on the needs for growth and similarities and differences between the students and their parents. In "Comparing Parents," using pictures of animal babies and adults, students play a game and discuss how babies change to look more or less like their parents.

Learning About Mealworms

In this unit, students learn about metamorphosis and how animals change from birth to the adult stage through observing and collecting data as mealworm larvae progress through their life cycle to the adult stage (beetles).

How do Objects Move | Engineering Design Challenge

In this unit, students explore and explain the many different ways that an object moves and how its properties affect its movements. In one lesson ("In What Ways"), students predict and test their predictions on how different objects will move when gently pushed on their desks. In "Do All Tops Spin Alike?," students use different materials to construct their own tops and test its movements. "Making Objects Move" introduces the concept of acceleration and allows students to use different sizes and types of balls and other materials to build tracks that will be used to stop the ball at a certain location. "Playground Equipment" gives an engineering experience by engaging students in a competition with a given scenario and asking them to design, test, and re-design (if necessary) a functioning piece of new playground equipment (the terms "force," "motion," "gravity," and "simple machine" are introduced).


These lessons allow students to explore how magnifiers work by using different types of magnifiers to observe classroom objects and their own creations.

What Makes Objects Move?

In this unit, students use different objects and observations to explore what factors influence an objects' motion.

Parent Resources

Resource Collection

Name Description
Air and Weather - FOSS Module: The Air and Weather Module consists of four sequential investigations, each designed to introduce concepts in earth science. The investigations provide opportunities for young students to explore the natural world by using simple tools to observe and monitor change.

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