Benchmark Instructional Guide
Connecting Benchmarks/Horizontal Alignment
Terms from the K-12 Glossary
Purpose and Instructional StrategiesThe purpose of this benchmark is to deepen student understanding of the counting sequence by 1s and 10s, both forwards and backwards, and to connect the counting sequence to place value. This benchmark will be a foundation as students begin to explore strategies for adding and subtracting. Developing fluency in counting (MTR.3.1) will allow students to use strategies to count on and count back, and fluency counting by 10s will be a foundation in building place value and related addition and subtraction strategies.
- Instruction focuses on building understanding of numbers, not just their conventional names and sequence.
- For example, 11 can be described as 10 and 1; 20 as 2 tens and 80 as 8 tens (MTR.5.1).
- Instruction builds the foundation for students to develop the strategy of counting on and counting back in order to add and subtract (MTR.5.1).
- Students will learn to recognize written numerals from 0 to 100.
Common Misconceptions or Errors
- Students may have difficulty moving from one group of tens to the next.
- For example, knowing that 30 comes after 29. Students may have to recount by tens to determine the next ten when counting through to 100.
- Students may be confused by the different pattern of word names for the “teens.”
Strategies to Support Tiered Instruction
- Instruction includes an emphasis on connecting verbal counting with objects. Also counting to give purpose, meaning and to reciting the number sequence while attending to the strategies used to count objects.
- For example, the teacher provides number cards to reinforce the idea that the numbers we say can be represented with symbols and that numbers can be read to express a quantity.
- For example, counting collections of objects and using ten frames to group by tens can help students “see” and give meaning to the patterns found in counting by ones and by tens.
Instructional Task 1Cut a hundred chart up into irregular shapes along the lines of the rows and columns and have students put it back together in pairs using what they know about place value, patterns, and the concept of one more and one less.
Enrichment Task 1Have students count pennies, both forwards and backwards, as they receive them or give them away.
Enrichment Task 2Looking ahead to MA.1.M.2.3, have students count by tens with dimes.
Instructional Item 1Fill in the missing number or numbers below.
48, 49, ___
73, 74, ___, ___, ___, 78
19, 18, ___, ___
___, ___, 18, 19
Instructional Item 2Start with 12 counters, then give them away one by one, stating each time how many you have left.
*The strategies, tasks and items included in the B1G-M are examples and should not be considered comprehensive.