Standard 2 : Recognize significant events, figures, and contributions of medieval civilizations (Byzantine Empire, Western Europe, Japan).



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General Information

Number: SS.912.W.2
Title: Recognize significant events, figures, and contributions of medieval civilizations (Byzantine Empire, Western Europe, Japan).
Type: Standard
Subject: Social Studies
Grade: 912
Strand: World History

Related Benchmarks

This cluster includes the following benchmarks
Code Description
SS.912.W.2.1: Locate the extent of Byzantine territory at the height of the empire.
SS.912.W.2.2: Describe the impact of Constantine the Great's establishment of "New Rome" (Constantinople) and his recognition of Christianity as a legal religion.
SS.912.W.2.3: Analyze the extent to which the Byzantine Empire was a continuation of the old Roman Empire and in what ways it was a departure.
SS.912.W.2.4: Identify key figures associated with the Byzantine Empire.
Clarifications:
Examples are Justinian the Great, Theodora, Belisarius, John of Damascus, Anna Comnena, Cyril and Methodius.
SS.912.W.2.5: Explain the contributions of the Byzantine Empire.
Clarifications:
Examples are Justinian's Code, the preservation of ancient Greek and Roman learning and culture, artistic and architectural achievements, the empire's impact on the development of Western Europe, Islamic civilization, and Slavic peoples.
SS.912.W.2.6: Describe the causes and effects of the Iconoclast controversy of the 8th and 9th centuries and the 11th century Christian schism between the churches of Constantinople and Rome.
SS.912.W.2.7: Analyze causes (Justinian's Plague, ongoing attacks from the "barbarians," the Crusades, and internal political turmoil) of the decline of the Byzantine Empire.
SS.912.W.2.8: Describe the rise of the Ottoman Turks, the conquest of Constantinople in 1453, and the subsequent growth of the Ottoman empire under the sultanate including Mehmet the Conqueror and Suleyman the Magnificent.
SS.912.W.2.9: Analyze the impact of the collapse of the Western Roman Empire on Europe.
SS.912.W.2.10: Describe the orders of medieval social hierarchy, the changing role of the Church, the emergence of feudalism, and the development of private property as a distinguishing feature of Western Civilization.
SS.912.W.2.11: Describe the rise and achievements of significant rulers in medieval Europe.
Clarifications:
Examples are Charles Martel, Charlemagne, Otto the Great, William the Conqueror.
SS.912.W.2.12: Recognize the importance of Christian monasteries and convents as centers of education, charitable and missionary activity, economic productivity, and political power.
SS.912.W.2.13: Explain how Western civilization arose from a synthesis of classical Greco-Roman civilization, Judeo-Christian influence, and the cultures of northern European peoples promoting a cultural unity in Europe.
SS.912.W.2.14: Describe the causes and effects of the Great Famine of 1315-1316, The Black Death, The Great Schism of 1378, and the Hundred Years War on Western Europe.
SS.912.W.2.15: Determine the factors that contributed to the growth of a modern economy.
Clarifications:
Examples are growth of banking, technological and agricultural improvements, commerce, towns, guilds, rise of a merchant class.
SS.912.W.2.16: Trace the growth and development of a national identity in the countries of England, France, and Spain.
SS.912.W.2.17: Identify key figures, artistic, and intellectual achievements of the medieval period in Western Europe.
Clarifications:
Examples are Anselm of Canterbury, Chaucer, Thomas Aquinas, Roger Bacon, Hildegard of Bingen, Dante, Code of Chivalry, Gothic architecture, illumination, universities, Natural Law Philosophy, Scholasticism.
SS.912.W.2.18: Describe developments in medieval English legal and constitutional history and their importance to the rise of modern democratic institutions and procedures.
Clarifications:
Examples are Magna Carta, parliament, habeas corpus.
SS.912.W.2.19: Describe the impact of Japan's physiography on its economic and political development.
SS.912.W.2.20: Summarize the major cultural, economic, political, and religious developments in medieval Japan.
Clarifications:

Examples are Pillow Book, Tale of Genji, Shinto and Japanese Buddhism, the rise of feudalism, the development of the shogunate, samurai, and social hierarchy.

SS.912.W.2.21: Compare Japanese feudalism with Western European feudalism during the Middle Ages.
SS.912.W.2.22: Describe Japan's cultural and economic relationship to China and Korea.


Related Access Points

This cluster includes the following access points.

Independent

Access Point Number Access Point Title
SS.912.W.2.In.a: Identify the extent of Byzantine territory.
SS.912.W.2.In.b: Identify the impact of the establishment of “New Rome” by Constantine the Great with Christianity as the official religion.
SS.912.W.2.In.c: Identify similarities and differences of the Byzantine Empire and Roman Empire.
SS.912.W.2.In.d: Recognize a key figure from the Byzantine Empire, such as the emperor, Justinian the Great.
SS.912.W.2.In.e: Identify contributions of the Byzantine Empire, such as the development of Western Europe, Islamic civilization, and spread of Christianity in Eastern Europe (Slavic peoples).
SS.912.W.2.In.f: Identify contributions of the Byzantine Empire, such as the development of Western Europe, Islamic civilization, and spread of Christianity in Eastern Europe (Slavic peoples).
SS.912.W.2.In.g: Recognize causes of the decline of the Byzantine Empire, such as the plague, attacks from barbarian tribes, or the Crusades.
SS.912.W.2.In.h: Identify that the Ottoman Turks conquered the Byzantine Empire and the Ottoman Empire grew.
SS.912.W.2.In.i: Identify the changes that occurred after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, such as less trade, the loss of learning and knowledge, and the breakup into barbarian states.
SS.912.W.2.In.j: Identify the social rankings in medieval society and the role feudalism played in Western Civilization.
SS.912.W.2.In.k: Identify the achievements under the leadership of Charlemagne, such as religious reform, establishment of courts, and cultural revival.
SS.912.W.2.In.l: Recognize ways Christian monasteries and convents helped the people through education, charity, and agriculture.
SS.912.W.2.In.m: Identify the major influences in Western Civilization that fostered cultural unity.
SS.912.W.2.In.n: Recognize difficulties experienced by Western Europe in the 1300s, such as the Great Famine, Black Death, and the Hundred Years War.
SS.912.W.2.In.o: Recognize how the modern economy developed, such as from the growth of the early banking system, advancements in agriculture, the rise of the merchant class, and the growth of towns and cities.
SS.912.W.2.In.p: Identify characteristics of national identity in England, France, and Spain.
SS.912.W.2.In.q: Identify figures, such as Thomas Aquinas and Roger Bacon, and achievements, such as the advancement of education and law, of the medieval period in Western Europe.
SS.912.W.2.In.r: Recognize that developments in medieval English history established important legal principles, such as English Common law, the Magna Carta, habeas corpus, and the development of modern democratic institutions.
SS.912.W.2.In.s: Identify physical features of Japan that impacted its development.
SS.912.W.2.In.t: Identify major developments in medieval Japan, such as the influence of the religions, feudal system, government, and military.
SS.912.W.2.In.u: Identify major developments in medieval Japan, such as the influence of the religions, feudal system, government, and military.
SS.912.W.2.In.v: Identify an example of Japan's cultural and economic relationship to China and Korea.

Supported

Access Point Number Access Point Title
SS.912.W.2.Su.a: Recognize the extent of Byzantine territory.
SS.912.W.2.Su.b: Recognize that Constantine the Great established Christianity as the official religion of Constantinople.
SS.912.W.2.Su.c: Recognize a similarity and difference of the Byzantine Empire and Roman Empire.
SS.912.W.2.Su.d: Associate a key figure, such as Justinian the Great, with the Byzantine Empire.
SS.912.W.2.Su.e: Recognize a contribution of the Byzantine Empire, such as the development of Western Europe, Islamic civilization, or spread of Christianity in Eastern Europe (Slavic peoples).
SS.912.W.2.Su.f: Recognize a contribution of the Byzantine Empire, such as the development of Western Europe, Islamic civilization, or spread of Christianity in Eastern Europe (Slavic peoples).
SS.912.W.2.Su.g: Recognize a cause of the decline of the Byzantine Empire, such as the plague, attacks from barbarian tribes, or the Crusades.
SS.912.W.2.Su.h: Recognize that the Ottoman Turks conquered the Byzantine Empire.
SS.912.W.2.Su.i: Recognize a change that occurred after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, such as less trade, the loss of learning and knowledge, or the breakup into barbarian states.
SS.912.W.2.Su.j: Recognize a feature of Western Civilization that came from medieval times, such as a social class system or private property.
SS.912.W.2.Su.k: Recognize an achievement under the leadership of Charlemagne, such as religious reform, establishment of courts, or cultural revival.
SS.912.W.2.Su.l: Recognize a way Christian monasteries and convents helped the people through education and charity.
SS.912.W.2.Su.m: Recognize that Western Civilization was influenced by many cultures.
SS.912.W.2.Su.n: Recognize a difficulty experienced by Western Europe in the 1300s, such as the Great Famine or Black Death.
SS.912.W.2.Su.o: Recognize a way the modern economy developed, such as from the growth of the early banking system, advancements in agriculture, the rise of the merchant class, or the growth of towns and cities.
SS.912.W.2.Su.p: Recognize a characteristic of national identity in England, France, and Spain.
SS.912.W.2.Su.q: Recognize an achievement of the medieval period in Western Europe, such as the advancement of education through the universities.
SS.912.W.2.Su.r: Recognize a development in medieval English history that established modern democratic government, such as English Common law or the Magna Carta.
SS.912.W.2.Su.s: Recognize selected physical features of Japan that impacted its development.
SS.912.W.2.Su.t: Recognize a major development in medieval Japan, such as the influence of the religions, feudal system, government, or military.
SS.912.W.2.Su.u: Recognize a major development in medieval Japan, such as the influence of the religions, feudal system, government, or military.
SS.912.W.2.Su.v: Recognize an example of Japan's cultural and economic relationship to China and Korea.

Participatory

Access Point Number Access Point Title
SS.912.W.2.Pa.a: Recognize that there were civilizations in different parts of the world.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.b: Recognize Christianity as a religion.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.c: Recognize a characteristic of empires.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.d: Recognize a characteristic of empires.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.e: Recognize a contribution of medieval civilizations.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.f: Recognize a contribution of medieval civilizations.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.g: Recognize that disease or war can destroy a civilization.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.h: Recognize that countries fight to take control of other countries.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.i: Recognize a negative consequence of change in civilization.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.j: Recognize a contribution of medieval civilizations.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.k: Recognize a positive consequence of change in civilization.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.l: Recognize a social support provided by religious organizations.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.m: Recognize that people in different cultures can join together.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.n: Recognize that disease or war can destroy a civilization.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.o: Recognize that an economy involves buying and trading goods.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.p: Recognize a characteristic of national identity.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.q: Recognize important components of culture, such as education.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.r: Recognize that people are governed by laws.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.s: Recognize an impact of a physical feature on a location.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.t: Recognize that civilizations change over time.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.u: Recognize that civilizations change over time.
SS.912.W.2.Pa.v: Recognize that people in different cultures share customs and practices.