|SS.912.A.1.1:|| Describe the importance of historiography, which includes how historical knowledge is obtained and transmitted, when interpreting events in history. |
|SS.912.A.1.2:|| Utilize a variety of primary and secondary sources to identify author, historical significance, audience, and authenticity to understand a historical period. |
|SS.912.A.1.4:|| Analyze how images, symbols, objects, cartoons, graphs, charts, maps, and artwork may be used to interpret the significance of time periods and events from the past. |
|SS.912.A.2.1:|| Review causes and consequences of the Civil War. |
|SS.912.A.2.2:|| Assess the influence of significant people or groups on Reconstruction. |
|SS.912.A.3.2:|| Examine the social, political, and economic causes, course, and consequences of the second Industrial Revolution that began in the late 19th century. |
|SS.912.A.3.3:|| Compare the first and second Industrial Revolutions in the United States. |
|SS.912.A.3.8:|| Examine the importance of social change and reform in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (class system, migration from farms to cities, Social Gospel movement, role of settlement houses and churches in providing services to the poor). |
|SS.912.A.3.10:|| Review different economic and philosophic ideologies. |
|SS.912.A.4.5:|| Examine causes, course, and consequences of United States involvement in World War I. |
|SS.912.A.7.1:|| Identify causes for Post-World War II prosperity and its effects on American society. |
|SS.912.C.1.1:|| Evaluate, take, and defend positions on the founding ideals and principles in American Constitutional government. |
|SS.912.C.1.2:|| Explain how the Declaration of Independence reflected the political principles of popular sovereignty, social contract, natural rights, and individual rights. |
|SS.912.C.1.3:|| Evaluate the ideals and principles of the founding documents (Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation, Federalist Papers) that shaped American Democracy.
|SS.912.C.1.4:|| Analyze and categorize the diverse viewpoints presented by the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists concerning ratification of the Constitution and inclusion of a bill of rights. |
|SS.912.C.1.5:|| Evaluate how the Constitution and its amendments reflect the political principles of rule of law, checks and balances, separation of powers, republicanism, democracy, and federalism. |
|SS.912.C.2.1:|| Evaluate the constitutional provisions establishing citizenship, and assess the criteria among citizens by birth, naturalized citizens, and non-citizens.
|SS.912.C.2.2:|| Evaluate the importance of political participation and civic participation. |
|SS.912.C.2.3:|| Experience the responsibilities of citizens at the local, state, or federal levels. |
|SS.912.C.2.4:|| Evaluate, take, and defend positions on issues that cause the government to balance the interests of individuals with the public good.
|SS.912.C.2.5:|| Conduct a service project to further the public good. |
|SS.912.C.2.6:|| Evaluate, take, and defend positions about rights protected by the Constitution and Bill of Rights. |
|SS.912.C.2.7:|| Explain why rights have limits and are not absolute. |
|SS.912.C.2.8:|| Analyze the impact of citizen participation as a means of achieving political and social change. |
|SS.912.C.2.9:|| Identify the expansion of civil rights and liberties by examining the principles contained in primary documents. |
|SS.912.C.2.10:|| Monitor current public issues in Florida.
|SS.912.C.2.11:|| Analyze public policy solutions or courses of action to resolve a local, state, or federal issue. |
|SS.912.C.2.12:|| Explain the changing roles of television, radio, press, and Internet in political communication. |
|SS.912.C.2.14:|| Evaluate the processes and results of an election at the state or federal level. |
|SS.912.C.2.15:|| Evaluate the origins and roles of political parties, interest groups, media, and individuals in determining and shaping public policy. |
|SS.912.C.2.16:|| Analyze trends in voter turnout. |
|SS.912.C.3.1:|| Examine the constitutional principles of representative government, limited government, consent of the governed, rule of law, and individual rights. |
|SS.912.C.3.2:|| Define federalism, and identify examples of the powers granted and denied to states and the national government in the American federal system of government.
|SS.912.C.3.3:|| Analyze the structures, functions, and processes of the legislative branch as described in Article I of the Constitution. |
|SS.912.C.3.4:|| Analyze the structures, functions, and processes of the executive branch as described in Article II of the Constitution. |
|SS.912.C.3.5:|| Identify the impact of independent regulatory agencies in the federal bureaucracy. |
|SS.912.C.3.6:|| Analyze the structures, functions, and processes of the judicial branch as described in Article III of the Constitution. |
|SS.912.C.3.7:|| Describe the role of judicial review in American constitutional government. |
|SS.912.C.3.8:|| Compare the role of judges on the state and federal level with other elected officials. |
|SS.912.C.3.9:|| Analyze the various levels and responsibilities of courts in the federal and state judicial system and the relationships among them. |
|SS.912.C.3.10:|| Evaluate the significance and outcomes of landmark Supreme Court cases. |
|SS.912.C.3.11:|| Contrast how the Constitution safeguards and limits individual rights. |
|SS.912.C.3.12:|| Simulate the judicial decision-making process in interpreting law at the state and federal level. |
|SS.912.C.3.13:|| Illustrate examples of how government affects the daily lives of citizens at the local, state, and national levels. |
|SS.912.C.3.14:|| Examine constitutional powers (expressed, implied, concurrent, reserved).
|SS.912.C.3.15:|| Examine how power and responsibility are distributed, shared, and limited by the Constitution. |
|SS.912.C.4.1:|| Explain how the world's nations are governed differently. |
|SS.912.C.4.2:|| Evaluate the influence of American foreign policy on other nations and the influences of other nations on American policies and society.
|SS.912.C.4.4:|| Compare indicators of democratization in multiple countries. |
|MA.K12.MTR.1.1:|| Actively participate in effortful learning both individually and collectively. |
Mathematicians who participate in effortful learning both individually and with others:
- Analyze the problem in a way that makes sense given the task.
- Ask questions that will help with solving the task.
- Build perseverance by modifying methods as needed while solving a challenging task.
- Stay engaged and maintain a positive mindset when working to solve tasks.
- Help and support each other when attempting a new method or approach.
Teachers who encourage students to participate actively in effortful learning both individually and with others:
- Cultivate a community of growth mindset learners.
- Foster perseverance in students by choosing tasks that are challenging.
- Develop students’ ability to analyze and problem solve.
- Recognize students’ effort when solving challenging problems.
|MA.K12.MTR.2.1:|| Demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways. |
Mathematicians who demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways:
- Build understanding through modeling and using manipulatives.
- Represent solutions to problems in multiple ways using objects, drawings, tables, graphs and equations.
- Progress from modeling problems with objects and drawings to using algorithms and equations.
- Express connections between concepts and representations.
- Choose a representation based on the given context or purpose.
Teachers who encourage students to demonstrate understanding by representing problems in multiple ways:
- Help students make connections between concepts and representations.
- Provide opportunities for students to use manipulatives when investigating concepts.
- Guide students from concrete to pictorial to abstract representations as understanding progresses.
- Show students that various representations can have different purposes and can be useful in different situations.
|MA.K12.MTR.3.1:|| Complete tasks with mathematical fluency. |
Mathematicians who complete tasks with mathematical fluency:
- Select efficient and appropriate methods for solving problems within the given context.
- Maintain flexibility and accuracy while performing procedures and mental calculations.
- Complete tasks accurately and with confidence.
- Adapt procedures to apply them to a new context.
- Use feedback to improve efficiency when performing calculations.
Teachers who encourage students to complete tasks with mathematical fluency:
- Provide students with the flexibility to solve problems by selecting a procedure that allows them to solve efficiently and accurately.
- Offer multiple opportunities for students to practice efficient and generalizable methods.
- Provide opportunities for students to reflect on the method they used and determine if a more efficient method could have been used.
|MA.K12.MTR.4.1:|| Engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others. |
Mathematicians who engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others:
- Communicate mathematical ideas, vocabulary and methods effectively.
- Analyze the mathematical thinking of others.
- Compare the efficiency of a method to those expressed by others.
- Recognize errors and suggest how to correctly solve the task.
- Justify results by explaining methods and processes.
- Construct possible arguments based on evidence.
Teachers who encourage students to engage in discussions that reflect on the mathematical thinking of self and others:
- Establish a culture in which students ask questions of the teacher and their peers, and error is an opportunity for learning.
- Create opportunities for students to discuss their thinking with peers.
- Select, sequence and present student work to advance and deepen understanding of correct and increasingly efficient methods.
- Develop students’ ability to justify methods and compare their responses to the responses of their peers.
|MA.K12.MTR.5.1:|| Use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts. |
Mathematicians who use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts:
- Focus on relevant details within a problem.
- Create plans and procedures to logically order events, steps or ideas to solve problems.
- Decompose a complex problem into manageable parts.
- Relate previously learned concepts to new concepts.
- Look for similarities among problems.
- Connect solutions of problems to more complicated large-scale situations.
Teachers who encourage students to use patterns and structure to help understand and connect mathematical concepts:
- Help students recognize the patterns in the world around them and connect these patterns to mathematical concepts.
- Support students to develop generalizations based on the similarities found among problems.
- Provide opportunities for students to create plans and procedures to solve problems.
- Develop students’ ability to construct relationships between their current understanding and more sophisticated ways of thinking.
|MA.K12.MTR.6.1:|| Assess the reasonableness of solutions. |
Mathematicians who assess the reasonableness of solutions:
- Estimate to discover possible solutions.
- Use benchmark quantities to determine if a solution makes sense.
- Check calculations when solving problems.
- Verify possible solutions by explaining the methods used.
- Evaluate results based on the given context.
Teachers who encourage students to assess the reasonableness of solutions:
- Have students estimate or predict solutions prior to solving.
- Prompt students to continually ask, “Does this solution make sense? How do you know?”
- Reinforce that students check their work as they progress within and after a task.
- Strengthen students’ ability to verify solutions through justifications.
|MA.K12.MTR.7.1:|| Apply mathematics to real-world contexts. |
Mathematicians who apply mathematics to real-world contexts:
- Connect mathematical concepts to everyday experiences.
- Use models and methods to understand, represent and solve problems.
- Perform investigations to gather data or determine if a method is appropriate.
• Redesign models and methods to improve accuracy or efficiency.
Teachers who encourage students to apply mathematics to real-world contexts:
- Provide opportunities for students to create models, both concrete and abstract, and perform investigations.
- Challenge students to question the accuracy of their models and methods.
- Support students as they validate conclusions by comparing them to the given situation.
- Indicate how various concepts can be applied to other disciplines.
|ELA.K12.EE.1.1:|| Cite evidence to explain and justify reasoning.|
K-1 Students include textual evidence in their oral communication with guidance and support from adults. The evidence can consist of details from the text without naming the text. During 1st grade, students learn how to incorporate the evidence in their writing.
2-3 Students include relevant textual evidence in their written and oral communication. Students should name the text when they refer to it. In 3rd grade, students should use a combination of direct and indirect citations.
4-5 Students continue with previous skills and reference comments made by speakers and peers. Students cite texts that they’ve directly quoted, paraphrased, or used for information. When writing, students will use the form of citation dictated by the instructor or the style guide referenced by the instructor.
6-8 Students continue with previous skills and use a style guide to create a proper citation.
9-12 Students continue with previous skills and should be aware of existing style guides and the ways in which they differ.
|ELA.K12.EE.2.1:|| Read and comprehend grade-level complex texts proficiently.|
See Text Complexity for grade-level complexity bands and a text complexity rubric.
|ELA.K12.EE.3.1:|| Make inferences to support comprehension.|
Students will make inferences before the words infer or inference are introduced. Kindergarten students will answer questions like “Why is the girl smiling?” or make predictions about what will happen based on the title page.
Students will use the terms and apply them in 2nd grade and beyond.
|ELA.K12.EE.4.1:|| Use appropriate collaborative techniques and active listening skills when engaging in discussions in a variety of situations.|
In kindergarten, students learn to listen to one another respectfully.
In grades 1-2, students build upon these skills by justifying what they are thinking. For example: “I think ________ because _______.” The collaborative conversations are becoming academic conversations.
In grades 3-12, students engage in academic conversations discussing claims and justifying their reasoning, refining and applying skills. Students build on ideas, propel the conversation, and support claims and counterclaims with evidence.
|ELA.K12.EE.5.1:|| Use the accepted rules governing a specific format to create quality work.|
Students will incorporate skills learned into work products to produce quality work. For students to incorporate these skills appropriately, they must receive instruction. A 3rd grade student creating a poster board display must have instruction in how to effectively present information to do quality work.
|ELA.K12.EE.6.1:|| Use appropriate voice and tone when speaking or writing.|
In kindergarten and 1st grade, students learn the difference between formal and informal language. For example, the way we talk to our friends differs from the way we speak to adults. In 2nd grade and beyond, students practice appropriate social and academic language to discuss texts.
|ELD.K12.ELL.SI.1:|| English language learners communicate for social and instructional purposes within the school setting. |
|ELD.K12.ELL.SS.1:|| English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Social Studies. |
|HE.912.C.2.4:|| Evaluate how public health policies and government regulations can influence health promotion and disease prevention. |