Course Standards
Name  Description  
SC.6.E.6.1:  Describe and give examples of ways in which Earth's surface is built up and torn down by physical and chemical weathering, erosion, and deposition.  
SC.6.E.6.2:  Recognize that there are a variety of different landforms on Earth's surface such as coastlines, dunes, rivers, mountains, glaciers, deltas, and lakes and relate these landforms as they apply to Florida.  
SC.6.E.7.1:  Differentiate among radiation, conduction, and convection, the three mechanisms by which heat is transferred through Earth's system.  
SC.6.E.7.2:  Investigate and apply how the cycling of water between the atmosphere and hydrosphere has an effect on weather patterns and climate.  
SC.6.E.7.3:  Describe how global patterns such as the jet stream and ocean currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, air pressure, wind direction and speed, and humidity and precipitation.  
SC.6.E.7.4:  Differentiate and show interactions among the geosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere.  
SC.6.E.7.5:  Explain how energy provided by the sun influences global patterns of atmospheric movement and the temperature differences between air, water, and land.  
SC.6.E.7.6:  Differentiate between weather and climate.  
SC.6.E.7.7:  Investigate how natural disasters have affected human life in Florida.  
SC.6.E.7.8:  Describe ways human beings protect themselves from hazardous weather and sun exposure.  
SC.6.E.7.9:  Describe how the composition and structure of the atmosphere protects life and insulates the planet.  
SC.6.L.14.1:  Describe and identify patterns in the hierarchical organization of organisms from atoms to molecules and cells to tissues to organs to organ systems to organisms.  
SC.6.L.14.2:  Investigate and explain the components of the scientific theory of cells (cell theory): all organisms are composed of cells (singlecelled or multicellular), all cells come from preexisting cells, and cells are the basic unit of life.  
SC.6.L.14.3:  Recognize and explore how cells of all organisms undergo similar processes to maintain homeostasis, including extracting energy from food, getting rid of waste, and reproducing.  
SC.6.L.14.4:  Compare and contrast the structure and function of major organelles of plant and animal cells, including cell wall, cell membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm, chloroplasts, mitochondria, and vacuoles.  
SC.6.L.14.5:  Identify and investigate the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestive, respiratory, circulatory, reproductive, excretory, immune, nervous, and musculoskeletal) and describe ways these systems interact with each other to maintain homeostasis.  
SC.6.L.14.6:  Compare and contrast types of infectious agents that may infect the human body, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites.  
SC.6.L.15.1:  Analyze and describe how and why organisms are classified according to shared characteristics with emphasis on the Linnaean system combined with the concept of Domains.  
SC.6.N.1.1:  Define a problem from the sixth grade curriculum, use appropriate reference materials to support scientific understanding, plan and carry out scientific investigation of various types, such as systematic observations or experiments, identify variables, collect and organize data, interpret data in charts, tables, and graphics, analyze information, make predictions, and defend conclusions.  
SC.6.N.1.2:  Explain why scientific investigations should be replicable.  
SC.6.N.1.3:  Explain the difference between an experiment and other types of scientific investigation, and explain the relative benefits and limitations of each.  
SC.6.N.1.4:  Discuss, compare, and negotiate methods used, results obtained, and explanations among groups of students conducting the same investigation.  
SC.6.N.1.5:  Recognize that science involves creativity, not just in designing experiments, but also in creating explanations that fit evidence.  
SC.6.N.2.1:  Distinguish science from other activities involving thought.  
SC.6.N.2.2:  Explain that scientific knowledge is durable because it is open to change as new evidence or interpretations are encountered.  
SC.6.N.2.3:  Recognize that scientists who make contributions to scientific knowledge come from all kinds of backgrounds and possess varied talents, interests, and goals.  
SC.6.N.3.1:  Recognize and explain that a scientific theory is a wellsupported and widely accepted explanation of nature and is not simply a claim posed by an individual. Thus, the use of the term theory in science is very different than how it is used in everyday life.  
SC.6.N.3.2:  Recognize and explain that a scientific law is a description of a specific relationship under given conditions in the natural world. Thus, scientific laws are different from societal laws.  
SC.6.N.3.3:  Give several examples of scientific laws.  
SC.6.N.3.4:  Identify the role of models in the context of the sixth grade science benchmarks.  
SC.6.P.11.1:  Explore the Law of Conservation of Energy by differentiating between potential and kinetic energy. Identify situations where kinetic energy is transformed into potential energy and vice versa.  
SC.6.P.12.1:  Measure and graph distance versus time for an object moving at a constant speed. Interpret this relationship.  
SC.6.P.13.1:  Investigate and describe types of forces including contact forces and forces acting at a distance, such as electrical, magnetic, and gravitational.  
SC.6.P.13.2:  Explore the Law of Gravity by recognizing that every object exerts gravitational force on every other object and that the force depends on how much mass the objects have and how far apart they are.  
SC.6.P.13.3:  Investigate and describe that an unbalanced force acting on an object changes its speed, or direction of motion, or both.  
LAFS.6.SL.1.1:  Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (oneonone, in groups, and teacherled) with diverse partners on grade 6 topics, texts, and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly.
 
LAFS.6.SL.1.2:  Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g., visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how it contributes to a topic, text, or issue under study.  
LAFS.6.SL.1.3:  Delineate a speaker’s argument and specific claims, distinguishing claims that are supported by reasons and evidence from claims that are not.  
LAFS.6.SL.2.4:  Present claims and findings, sequencing ideas logically and using pertinent descriptions, facts, and details to accentuate main ideas or themes; use appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation.  
LAFS.6.SL.2.5:  Include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, images, music, sound) and visual displays in presentations to clarify information.  
LAFS.68.RST.1.1:  Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts.  
LAFS.68.RST.1.2:  Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; provide an accurate summary of the text distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.  
LAFS.68.RST.1.3:  Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.  
LAFS.68.RST.2.4:  Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domainspecific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6–8 texts and topics.  
LAFS.68.RST.2.5:  Analyze the structure an author uses to organize a text, including how the major sections contribute to the whole and to an understanding of the topic.  
LAFS.68.RST.2.6:  Analyze the author’s purpose in providing an explanation, describing a procedure, or discussing an experiment in a text.  
LAFS.68.RST.3.7:  Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).  
LAFS.68.RST.3.8:  Distinguish among facts, reasoned judgment based on research findings, and speculation in a text.  
LAFS.68.RST.3.9:  Compare and contrast the information gained from experiments, simulations, video, or multimedia sources with that gained from reading a text on the same topic.  
LAFS.68.WHST.1.1:  Write arguments focused on disciplinespecific content.
 
LAFS.68.WHST.1.2:  Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
 
LAFS.68.WHST.2.4:  Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience.  
LAFS.68.WHST.2.5:  With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed.  
LAFS.68.WHST.2.6:  Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas clearly and efficiently.  
LAFS.68.WHST.3.7:  Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a selfgenerated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration.  
LAFS.68.WHST.3.8:  Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation.  
LAFS.68.WHST.3.9:  Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis reflection, and research.  
LAFS.68.WHST.4.10:  Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of disciplinespecific tasks, purposes, and audiences.  
MAFS.6.EE.3.9:  Use variables to represent two quantities in a realworld problem that change in relationship to one another; write an equation to express one quantity, thought of as the dependent variable, in terms of the other quantity, thought of as the independent variable. Analyze the relationship between the dependent and independent variables using graphs and tables, and relate these to the equation. For example, in a problem involving motion at constant speed, list and graph ordered pairs of distances and times, and write the equation d = 65t to represent the relationship between distance and time.  
MAFS.6.SP.2.4:  Display numerical data in plots on a number line, including dot plots, histograms, and box plots.  
MAFS.6.SP.2.5:  Summarize numerical data sets in relation to their context, such as by:
 
MAFS.K12.MP.1.1:  Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. Mathematically proficient students start by explaining to themselves the meaning of a problem and looking for entry points to its solution. They analyze givens, constraints, relationships, and goals. They make conjectures about the form and meaning of the solution and plan a solution pathway rather than simply jumping into a solution attempt. They consider analogous problems, and try special cases and simpler forms of the original problem in order to gain insight into its solution. They monitor and evaluate their progress and change course if necessary. Older students might, depending on the context of the problem, transform algebraic expressions or change the viewing window on their graphing calculator to get the information they need. Mathematically proficient students can explain correspondences between equations, verbal descriptions, tables, and graphs or draw diagrams of important features and relationships, graph data, and search for regularity or trends. Younger students might rely on using concrete objects or pictures to help conceptualize and solve a problem. Mathematically proficient students check their answers to problems using a different method, and they continually ask themselves, “Does this make sense?” They can understand the approaches of others to solving complex problems and identify correspondences between different approaches. Standard Relation to Course: Supporting  
MAFS.K12.MP.2.1:  Reason abstractly and quantitatively. Mathematically proficient students make sense of quantities and their relationships in problem situations. They bring two complementary abilities to bear on problems involving quantitative relationships: the ability to decontextualize—to abstract a given situation and represent it symbolically and manipulate the representing symbols as if they have a life of their own, without necessarily attending to their referents—and the ability to contextualize, to pause as needed during the manipulation process in order to probe into the referents for the symbols involved. Quantitative reasoning entails habits of creating a coherent representation of the problem at hand; considering the units involved; attending to the meaning of quantities, not just how to compute them; and knowing and flexibly using different properties of operations and objects. Standard Relation to Course: Supporting  
MAFS.K12.MP.3.1:  Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. Mathematically proficient students understand and use stated assumptions, definitions, and previously established results in constructing arguments. They make conjectures and build a logical progression of statements to explore the truth of their conjectures. They are able to analyze situations by breaking them into cases, and can recognize and use counterexamples. They justify their conclusions, communicate them to others, and respond to the arguments of others. They reason inductively about data, making plausible arguments that take into account the context from which the data arose. Mathematically proficient students are also able to compare the effectiveness of two plausible arguments, distinguish correct logic or reasoning from that which is flawed, and—if there is a flaw in an argument—explain what it is. Elementary students can construct arguments using concrete referents such as objects, drawings, diagrams, and actions. Such arguments can make sense and be correct, even though they are not generalized or made formal until later grades. Later, students learn to determine domains to which an argument applies. Students at all grades can listen or read the arguments of others, decide whether they make sense, and ask useful questions to clarify or improve the arguments. Standard Relation to Course: Supporting  
MAFS.K12.MP.4.1:  Model with mathematics. Mathematically proficient students can apply the mathematics they know to solve problems arising in everyday life, society, and the workplace. In early grades, this might be as simple as writing an addition equation to describe a situation. In middle grades, a student might apply proportional reasoning to plan a school event or analyze a problem in the community. By high school, a student might use geometry to solve a design problem or use a function to describe how one quantity of interest depends on another. Mathematically proficient students who can apply what they know are comfortable making assumptions and approximations to simplify a complicated situation, realizing that these may need revision later. They are able to identify important quantities in a practical situation and map their relationships using such tools as diagrams, twoway tables, graphs, flowcharts and formulas. They can analyze those relationships mathematically to draw conclusions. They routinely interpret their mathematical results in the context of the situation and reflect on whether the results make sense, possibly improving the model if it has not served its purpose. Standard Relation to Course: Supporting  
MAFS.K12.MP.5.1:  Use appropriate tools strategically. Mathematically proficient students consider the available tools when solving a mathematical problem. These tools might include pencil and paper, concrete models, a ruler, a protractor, a calculator, a spreadsheet, a computer algebra system, a statistical package, or dynamic geometry software. Proficient students are sufficiently familiar with tools appropriate for their grade or course to make sound decisions about when each of these tools might be helpful, recognizing both the insight to be gained and their limitations. For example, mathematically proficient high school students analyze graphs of functions and solutions generated using a graphing calculator. They detect possible errors by strategically using estimation and other mathematical knowledge. When making mathematical models, they know that technology can enable them to visualize the results of varying assumptions, explore consequences, and compare predictions with data. Mathematically proficient students at various grade levels are able to identify relevant external mathematical resources, such as digital content located on a website, and use them to pose or solve problems. They are able to use technological tools to explore and deepen their understanding of concepts. Standard Relation to Course: Supporting  
MAFS.K12.MP.6.1:  Attend to precision. Mathematically proficient students try to communicate precisely to others. They try to use clear definitions in discussion with others and in their own reasoning. They state the meaning of the symbols they choose, including using the equal sign consistently and appropriately. They are careful about specifying units of measure, and labeling axes to clarify the correspondence with quantities in a problem. They calculate accurately and efficiently, express numerical answers with a degree of precision appropriate for the problem context. In the elementary grades, students give carefully formulated explanations to each other. By the time they reach high school they have learned to examine claims and make explicit use of definitions. Standard Relation to Course: Supporting  
MAFS.K12.MP.7.1:  Look for and make use of structure. Mathematically proficient students look closely to discern a pattern or structure. Young students, for example, might notice that three and seven more is the same amount as seven and three more, or they may sort a collection of shapes according to how many sides the shapes have. Later, students will see 7 × 8 equals the well remembered 7 × 5 + 7 × 3, in preparation for learning about the distributive property. In the expression x² + 9x + 14, older students can see the 14 as 2 × 7 and the 9 as 2 + 7. They recognize the significance of an existing line in a geometric figure and can use the strategy of drawing an auxiliary line for solving problems. They also can step back for an overview and shift perspective. They can see complicated things, such as some algebraic expressions, as single objects or as being composed of several objects. For example, they can see 5 – 3(x – y)² as 5 minus a positive number times a square and use that to realize that its value cannot be more than 5 for any real numbers x and y. Standard Relation to Course: Supporting  
MAFS.K12.MP.8.1:  Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. Mathematically proficient students notice if calculations are repeated, and look both for general methods and for shortcuts. Upper elementary students might notice when dividing 25 by 11 that they are repeating the same calculations over and over again, and conclude they have a repeating decimal. By paying attention to the calculation of slope as they repeatedly check whether points are on the line through (1, 2) with slope 3, middle school students might abstract the equation (y – 2)/(x – 1) = 3. Noticing the regularity in the way terms cancel when expanding (x – 1)(x + 1), (x – 1)(x² + x + 1), and (x – 1)(x³ + x² + x + 1) might lead them to the general formula for the sum of a geometric series. As they work to solve a problem, mathematically proficient students maintain oversight of the process, while attending to the details. They continually evaluate the reasonableness of their intermediate results. Standard Relation to Course: Supporting  
ELD.K12.ELL.SC.1:  English language learners communicate information, ideas and concepts necessary for academic success in the content area of Science.  
ELD.K12.ELL.SI.1:  English language learners communicate for social and instructional purposes within the school setting.  
HE.6.C.1.3:  Identify environmental factors that affect personal health.
 
HE.6.C.1.5:  Explain how body systems are impacted by hereditary factors and infectious agents.

General Course Information and Notes
GENERAL NOTES
Laboratory investigations that include the use of scientific inquiry, research, measurement, problem solving, laboratory apparatus and technologies, experimental procedures, and safety procedures are an integral part of this course. The National Science Teachers Association (NSTA) recommends that at the middle school level, all students should have multiple opportunities every week to explore science laboratory investigations (labs). School laboratory investigations are defined by the National Research Council (NRC) as an experience in the laboratory, classroom, or the field that provides students with opportunities to interact directly with natural phenomena or with data collected by others using tools, materials, data collection techniques, and models (NRC, 2006, p. 3). Laboratory investigations in the middle school classroom should help all students develop a growing understanding of the complexity and ambiguity of empirical work, as well as the skills to calibrate and troubleshoot equipment used to make observations. Learners should understand measurement error and have the skills to aggregate, interpret, and present the resulting data (NRC 2006, p. 77; NSTA, 2007).
Special Notes:
Instructional Practices
Teaching from a range of complex text is optimized when teachers in all subject areas implement the following strategies on a routine basis:
 Ensuring wide reading from complex text that varies in length.
 Making close reading and rereading of texts central to lessons.
 Emphasizing textspecific complex questions, and cognitively complex tasks, reinforce focus on the text and cultivate independence.
 Emphasizing students supporting answers based upon evidence from the text.
 Providing extensive research and writing opportunities (claims and evidence).
Science and Engineering Practices (NRC Framework for K12 Science Education, 2010)
 Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering).
 Developing and using models.
 Planning and carrying out investigations.
 Analyzing and interpreting data.
 Using mathematics, information and computer technology, and computational thinking.
 Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering).
 Engaging in argument from evidence.
 Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information.
Literacy Standards in Science
Secondary science courses include reading standards for literacy in science and technical subjects 612 and writing standards for literacy in history/social studies, science, and technical subjects 612. The courses also include speaking and listening standards. For a complete list of standards required for this course click on the blue tile labeled course standards. You may also download the complete course including all required standards and notes sections using the export function located at the top of this page.
English Language Development ELD Standards Special Notes Section:
Teachers are required to provide listening, speaking, reading and writing instruction that allows English language learners (ELL) to communicate information, ideas and concepts for academic success in the content area of Science. For the given level of English language proficiency and with visual, graphic, or interactive support, students will interact with grade level words, expressions, sentences and discourse to process or produce language necessary for academic success The ELD standard should specify a relevant content area concept or topic of study chosen by curriculum developers and teachers which maximizes an ELL's need for communication and social skills. To access an ELL supporting document which delineates performance definitions and descriptors, please click on the following link: https://cpalmsmediaprod.blob.core.windows.net/uploads/docs/standards/eld/sc.pdf
Additional Instructional Resources:
A.V.E. for Success Collection: http://www.fasa.net/4DCGI/cms/review.html?Action=CMS_Document&DocID=139
General Information
Course Number: 2002040 
Course Path: Section: Grades PreK to 12 Education Courses > Grade Group: Grades 6 to 8 Education Courses > Subject: Science > SubSubject: General Sciences > 
Abbreviated Title: M/J COMP SCI 1  
Course Attributes:


Course Type: Core Academic Course  Course Level: 2 
Course Status: Course Approved  
Grade Level(s): 6,7,8  