Access Point #: MAFS.4.NBT.2.AP.6a (Archived Access Point)

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Find whole-number quotients and remainders with up to three-digit dividends and one-digit divisors, using two different strategies.


Essential Understandings


  • Given an expression, identify the dividend and the divisor (dividend = the total amount, divisor = number of groups or the number in each group).
  • Use base ten blocks to model the dividend.
  • Use base ten blocks to divide into groups determined by the divisor in order to find the quotient.
  • Symbols ÷, =, long division symbol
  • Understand the following concepts and vocabulary of division, part, whole, divisor, dividend, quotient.
  • Given a division expression, find the array using a jig on a pictorial representation to solve.

Number: MAFS.4.NBT.2.AP.6a Category: Access Points
Cluster: Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic. (Major Cluster)

Clusters should not be sorted from Major to Supporting and then taught in that order. To do so would strip the coherence of the mathematical ideas and miss the opportunity to enhance the major work of the grade with the supporting clusters.

Related Standards

Name Description
MAFS.4.NBT.2.6: Find whole-number quotients and remainders with up to four-digit dividends and one-digit divisors, using strategies based on place value, the properties of operations, and/or the relationship between multiplication and division. Illustrate and explain the calculation by using equations, rectangular arrays, and/or area models.
Examples of Opportunities for In-Depth Focus

When students work toward meeting this standard, they combine prior understanding of multiplication and division with deepening understanding of the base-ten system of units to find whole-number quotients and remainders with up to four-digit dividends and one- digit divisors. This work will develop further in grade 5 and culminate in fluency with the standard algorithms in grade 6.

Related Courses

Name Description
5012060: Mathematics - Grade Four
7712050: Access Mathematics Grade 4
5012065: Grade 4 Accelerated Mathematics
5012015: Foundational Skills in Mathematics 3-5

Related Resources

Element Cards

Name Description
4th Grade Math Element Cards:

Element Cards are available to assist in planning for instruction. They are designed to promote understanding of how students move toward the academic standards. Element Cards contain one or more access points, essential understandings, suggested instructional strategies and suggested supports.