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LAFS.5.RI.2.4

Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.
Subject Area: English Language Arts
Grade: 5
Strand: Reading Standards for Informational Text
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Date Adopted or Revised: 12/10
Date of Last Rating: 02/14
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes

TEST ITEM SPECIFICATIONS

  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: EBSR , MS , ST , MC item(s)
  • Assessed with: LAFS.5.L.3.4, LAFS.5.L.3.5
    Also assesses: LAFS.5.RD.3.3 and LAFS.5.RF.4.4

  • Assessment Limits :
    Items may ask the student to use the text to determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases. Items should ask the student to consider literal and figurative meanings of words. Items may ask the student to use context clues including Greek and Latin roots or affixes to determine the meaning of a word. Items may ask the student to interpret figurative language. Items may ask the student about nuances of word meanings as well as the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs. Items may ask the student to determine the relationship between words in order to increase understanding. Items should focus on words and phrases that are central to the meaning of text. Items should not exclusively ask the student to determine the meanings of basic, everyday words and phrases that commonly appear in spoken language.
  • Text Types :
    The items assessing these standards may be used with one or more grade-appropriate informational texts. Texts may vary in complexity.
  • Response Mechanisms :
    The Enhanced Item Descriptions section on page 3 provides a list of Response Mechanisms that may be used to assess this standard (excluding the Editing Task Choice item type). The Sample Response Mechanisms may include, but are not limited to, the examples below.
  • Task Demand and Sample Response Mechanisms :

    Task Demand

    Use context as a clue to the meaning of a word or phrase.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Selectable Text

    • Requires the student to select words or phrases from the text that show the meaning of words used in the text.
    • Requires the student to correctly identify the meaning of a word or phrase and then to select words or phrases from the text that provide clues to the meaning of that word. 
    Multiple Choice
    • Requires the student to select the meaning of a word or phrase used in the text. 
    EBSR
    • Requires the student to select the meaning of a word or phrase and then to select words or phrases from the text that support the correct meaning. 
    Multiselect
    • Requires the student to select words, phrases, or quotations that show the meaning of words used in the text.
    Task Demand

    Use common Greek and Latin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Multiple Choice

    • Requires the student to select the meaning of words used in the text that include a Greek or Latin affix or root.
    Task Demand

    Interpret figurative language, including similes and metaphors, in context.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    EBSR

    • Requires the student to select one or more examples of figurative language and then to select the correct explanation of their meaning. 
    Multiple Choice
    • Requires the student to select the correct meaning of the figurative language. 
    Selectable Text
    • Requires the student to select the correct meaning of the figurative language and then to select words or phrases from the text to support the meaning.
    Task Demand

    Recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs or nuances in words.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    EBSR

    • Requires the student to select the meaning of an idiom, adage, or proverb and then to select words or phrases from the text to support the meaning. 
    Multiple Choice
    • Requires the student to select the correct meaning of an idiom, adage, or proverb or to recognize nuances in word meaning. 
    Selectable Text
    • Requires the student to select the correct meaning of an idiom, adage, or proverb and then to select words or phrases from the text that support that meaning.
    Task Demand

    Use the relationships between particular words (e.g., synonyms, antonyms, homographs) to better understand each of the words.

    Sample Response Mechanisms

    Multiple Choice

    • Requires the student to select the meaning of the word using a synonym, antonym, or homograph. 
     Multiselect
    • Requires the student to identify all related words from a list.