A. All living things are composed of four basic categories of macromolecules and share the same basic needs for life.
B. Living organisms acquire the energy they need for life processes through various metabolic pathways (primarily photosynthesis and cellular respiration).
C. Chemical reactions in living things follow basic rules of chemistry and are usually regulated by enzymes.
D. The unique chemical properties of carbon and water make life on Earth possible.
Remarks/ExamplesAnnually assessed on Biology EOC.
TEST ITEM SPECIFICATIONS
- Clarification :
Students will explain the properties of water at a conceptual level.
Students will explain how the properties make water essential for life on Earth.
- Content Limits :
Items referring to the properties of water are limited to hydrogen bonding, polarity, cohesive behavior, ability to moderate temperature, expansion upon freezing, and versatility as a solvent.
Items may address adhesion but will not assess adhesion.
- Stimulus Attributes :
Scenarios must have a biological context.
- Response Attributes :
- Prior Knowledge :
Items may require the student to apply scientific knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge of SC.6.E.7.4 and SC.8.P.8.5.