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SC.912.L.15.8

Describe the scientific explanations of the origin of life on Earth.
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 912
Body of Knowledge: Life Science
Idea: Level 2: Basic Application of Skills & Concepts
Standard: Diversity and Evolution of Living Organisms -

A. The scientific theory of evolution is the fundamental concept underlying all of biology.

B. The scientific theory of evolution is supported by multiple forms of scientific evidence.

C. Organisms are classified based on their evolutionary history.

D. Natural selection is a primary mechanism leading to evolutionary change.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes

Remarks/Examples

Annually assessed on Biology EOC. Also assesses SC.912.N.1.3, SC.912.N.1.4, and SC.912.N.2.1.

TEST ITEM SPECIFICATIONS

    Also Assesses:

    SC.912.N.1.3
    Recognize that the strength or usefulness of a scientific claim is evaluated through scientific argumentation, which depends on critical and logical thinking, and the active consideration of alternative scientific explanations to explain the data presented.

    SC.912.N.1.4 Identify sources of information and assess their reliability according to the strict standards of scientific investigation.

    SC.912.N.2.1 Identify what is science, what clearly is not science, and what superficially resembles science (but fails to meet the criteria for science).

  • Clarification :

    Students will describe scientific explanations of the origin of life on Earth.

     Students will identify situations or conditions contributing to the origin of life on Earth.

    Students will identify ways in which a scientific claim is evaluated (e.g., through scientific argumentation, critical and logical thinking, and consideration of alternative explanations).

    Students will assess the reliability of sources of information according to scientific standards.

    Students will identify what is science, what is not science, and what resembles but fails to meet the criteria for science.

  • Content Limits :

    Items may address the conditions required for the origin of life on Earth but may not require specific knowledge of the age of Earth or its eras, periods, or epochs.

    Items may assess how contributions of scientists such as Pasteur, Oparin, Miller and Urey, Margulis, or Fox aided in the development of the scientific explanation of the origin of life but will not assess what each scientist contributed.

    Items assessing the origin of organic molecules, chemical evolution, and/or eukaryotic cells should be conceptual.

    Items may refer to the endosymbiotic theory but may not assess the term in isolation.

    Items assessing a scientific claim are limited to the scientific explanations of the origins of life on Earth.

  • Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply scientific knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge of SC.8.L.18.1, SC.7.E.6.3, SC.7.E.6.4, SC.6.E.7.9, SC.6.N.2.1, SC.6.N.2.2, SC.7.N.1.7, SC.7.N.2.1, SC.8.N.2.1, and SC.8.N.2.2.

SAMPLE TEST ITEMS (1)

  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: One of the accepted scientific theories describing the origin of life on Earth is known as chemical evolution. According to this theory, which of the following events would need to occur first for life to evolve?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice