A. All plants and animals, including humans, are alike in some ways and different in others.
B. All plants and animals, including humans, have internal parts and external structures that function to keep them alive and help them grow and reproduce.
C. Humans can better understand the natural world through careful observation.
Remarks/ExamplesAnnually assessed on Grade 5 Science FCAT 2.0. Also assesses SC.3.L.15.1 and SC.3.L.15.2.
TEST ITEM SPECIFICATIONS
This benchmark may be assessed using:
- Clarification :
Students will compare and/or contrast the function of organs and/or other physical structures of plants and/or animals.
Students will classify animals into major groups according to their physical characteristics and behaviors.
Students will classify flowering and/or nonflowering plants into major groups according to their physical characteristics.
- Content Limits :
Items will not require the classification of animals beyond the initial invertebrates grouping.
Items referring to classification of vertebrates will only assess general physical characteristics and/or behaviors of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish.
Items addressing and/or assessing the functions of organs or the comparison of physical structures are limited to the brain, heart, lungs, gills, stomach, liver, intestines, pancreas, muscles, bones, exoskeleton, testes, ovaries, kidneys, bladder, skin or body covering, eyes, ears, nose, and tongue.
Items referring to the functions of plant structures are limited to flower, fruit, leaf, root, seed, and spore.
Items addressing the comparison of the structure and/or function of plants and animals are limited to skin compared to plant covering, skeleton compared to stem, and reproductive organs compared to flower.
Items will not require specific knowledge of the parts of organs.
- Stimulus Attributes :
Scenarios will use common names of organisms and will not include scientific names.
Scenarios requiring the classification of organisms as vertebrates or invertebrates must include a description or picture of the organisms.
- Response Attributes :
- Prior Knowledge :
Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.K.L.14.3, SC.1.L.14.3, and SC.2.L.14.1.
SC.3.L.15.1 Classify animals into major groups (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, arthropods, vertebrates and invertebrates, those having live births and those which lay eggs) according to their physical characteristics and behaviors.
SC.3.L.15.2 Classify flowering and nonflowering plants into major groups such as those that produce seeds, or those like ferns and mosses that produce spores, according to their physical characteristics.
SAMPLE TEST ITEMS (1)
- Test Item #: Sample Item 1
- Question: The drawings below show two plants that grow in Florida, a penta and a sword fern.
The drawing below shows the spores that appear on the underside of the sword fern’s leaves.
Which of the following is present in the penta but NOT in the sword fern?
- Difficulty: N/A
- Type: MC: Multiple Choice