Identify familiar forces that cause objects to move, such as pushes or pulls, including gravity acting on falling objects.
Subject Area: Science
Grade: 5
Body of Knowledge: Physical Science
Idea: Level 1: Recall
Big Idea: Forces and Changes in Motion - A. It takes energy to change the motion of objects.

B. Energy change is understood in terms of forces--pushes or pulls.

C. Some forces act through physical contact, while others act at a distance.

Clarification for grades K-5: The target understanding for students in the elementary grades should focus on Big Ideas A, B, and C.

Clarification for grades 6-8: The target understanding for students in grades 6-8 should begin to transition the focus to a more specific definition of forces and changes in motion. Net forces create a change in motion. A change in momentum occurs when a net force is applied to an object over a time interval.

Grades 9-12, Standard 12: Motion - A. Motion can be measured and described qualitatively and quantitatively. Net forces create a change in motion. B. Momentum is conserved under well-defined conditions. A change in momentum occurs when a net force is applied to an object over a time interval.

Date Adopted or Revised: 02/08
Content Complexity Rating: Level 1: Recall - More Information
Date of Last Rating: 05/08
Status: State Board Approved
Assessed: Yes


Annually assessed on Grade 5 Science FCAT 2.0. Also assesses SC.3.E.5.4 and SC.4.P.8.4.


  • Item Type(s): This benchmark may be assessed using: MC item(s)
  • Also Assesses
    SC.3.E.5.4 Explore the Law of Gravity by demonstrating that gravity is a force that can be overcome.

    SC.4.P.8.4 Investigate and describe that magnets can attract magnetic materials and attract and repel other magnets

  • Clarification :
    Students will identify familiar forces that affect how objects move.

    Students will identify scenarios whereby gravity is overcome.

    Students will identify and/or describe examples of magnetic attraction and repulsion.
  • Content Limits :
    Items assessing familiar forces are limited to pushes, pulls, friction, gravity, and magnetic force.

    Items may only require the interpretation of two forces at a time.

    Items referring to friction will only assess the force of friction as a resistance to movement.

    Items that assess magnetic attraction will not use the context of separating mixtures and solutions.
  • Stimulus Attributes :
    None specified
  • Response Attributes :
    None specified
  • Prior Knowledge :
    Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.K.E.5.1, SC.K.P.13.1, SC.1.E.5.2, SC.1.P.13.1, SC.2.P.13.1, SC.2.P.13.2, SC.2.P.13.3, and SC.2.P.13.4.


  • Test Item #: Sample Item 1
  • Question: Bar magnets have a north pole (N) and a south pole (S). Latrisha places a bar magnet on three small straws so that it can roll. Her setup is shown below.

    Placing which of the following objects at point X will cause the bar magnet to move away from point X?
  • Difficulty: N/A
  • Type: MC: Multiple Choice