A. Energy is involved in all physical processes and is a unifying concept in many areas of science.
B. Energy exists in many forms and has the ability to do work or cause a change.
Remarks/ExamplesAnnually assessed on Grade 5 Science FCAT 2.0. Also assesses SC.3.P.10.1, SC.3.P.10.3, SC.3.P.10.4, SC.3.P.11.1, SC.3.P.11.2, SC.4.P.10.1, and SC.4.P.10.3.
TEST ITEM SPECIFICATIONS
This benchmark may be assessed using:
- Clarification :
Students will identify and/or describe some basic forms of energy.
Students will describe that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one material to another.
Students will explain that heat is produced when two objects are rubbed against each other.
Students will explain that sound is produced by vibrations and/or that pitch depends on how fast or slow the object vibrates.
- Content Limits :
Items assessing basic forms of energy are limited to light, heat (thermal), sound, electrical, chemical, and mechanical energy.
Items will not assess the transfer of energy.
Items assessing light reflection, refraction, or absorption should use the terms reflect, bend, or absorb to describe light’s behavior.
- Stimulus Attributes :
The terms material or substance should be used rather than the terms medium or media.
Scenarios referring to mechanical energy should not use the terms kinetic energy or potential energy.
- Response Attributes :
- Prior Knowledge :
Items may require the student to apply science knowledge described in the NGSSS from lower grades. This benchmark requires prerequisite knowledge from SC.K.P.10.1 and SC.2.P.10.1.
SC.3.P.10.1 Identify some basic forms of energy such as light, heat, sound, electrical, and mechanical.
SC.3.P.10.3 Demonstrate that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one medium to another.
SC.3.P.10.4 Demonstrate that light can be reflected, refracted, and absorbed.
SC.3.P.11.1 Investigate, observe, and explain that things that give off light often also give off heat.
SC.3.P.11.2 Investigate, observe, and explain that heat is produced when one object rubs against another, such as rubbing one’s hands together.
SC.4.P.10.1 Observe and describe some basic forms of energy, including light, heat, sound, electrical, and the energy of motion.
SC.4.P.10.3 Investigate and explain that sound is produced by vibrating objects and that pitch depends on how fast or slow the object vibrates.