
Lesson Plan Template:
General Lesson Plan

Learning Objectives: What should students know and be able to do as a result of this lesson?
Students will be able to create an ecosystem that is completely imaginary.
Students will be able to discuss the energy pyramid and pyramid of numbers and how both of these relate to their ecosystem.
Students will be able to diagram a food web based on their ecosystem and present information on each trophic level of the ecosystem to the class.

Prior Knowledge: What prior knowledge should students have for this lesson?
Students must know the meaning of the terms biotic, abiotic, trophic levels, food web, energy pyramid, producers, consumers, secondary consumers, and decomposers.

Guiding Questions: What are the guiding questions for this lesson?
If you could live anywhere where would you live?
How about underwater?
How about in space?
How about on a different planet?
What types of adaptations would you need to live there?

Teaching Phase: How will the teacher present the concept or skill to students?
Day One (teacher will take a group of cards 4 ones, 4 twos, 4 three, 4 fours, and 4 fives) and mix the cards up before the students come to the room)
1. As the students walk into the classroom the teacher will hand each student a card.
2. When the students are seated the teacher will begin class by asking the guiding questions.
3. After all guiding questions are answered, the students will be group based on their card numbers ( all 1s, all 2s, all 3s...)
DesigninganEcosystem.docx
4. The teacher will then hand out the project guidelines and rubrics to each student.
5. While reviewing the project guidelines, the teacher should emphasize that all organisms in the ecosystems should be imaginary.
6. The teacher should remind the students what the energy pyramid is and also remind them of the pyramid of numbers (for instance there are more producers than primary consumers and more primary consumers than secondary consumers).
7. The teacher should remind the students to include biotic and abiotic factors.
8. The teacher should remind the students that they will be graded as a group on the group portion and they will receive individual points on the individual portions of the project.
9. Each student is responsible for one trophic level (one type of organism per trophic level)
10. The teacher can ask if there are any questions. When questions are finished the students can use the rest of the class period to discuss ideas on their project ideas with their group members.
11. The teacher will remind students that they have 2 class periods work on their product and they will be presenting their product 3 days from this point.
Day 2 and 3 (students need access to computers in either a computer lab or a mobile computer lab)
1. The teacher will begin class by asking if any students have questions regarding their project.
2. The teacher will circulate the room and make sure that all students are on task and answer any questions the students have.The teacher should also be checking the students work for accuracy and if the students have inaccurate information at the point the teacher can help correct it.
3. The teacher will remind the students that they are presenting on day 4.
Day 4
1. Students will be presenting their projects during class.
2. The teacher will grade the presentations based on the rubric.

Guided Practice: What activities or exercises will the students complete with teacher guidance?
The students will be completing the entire project with the teacher guidance throughout the entire lesson. The teacher will circulate the room and check on student progress on days 2 and 3 while the students are working on their group projects.
Students that need extra information/review can refer to their textbooks or online resources for information.

Independent Practice: What activities or exercises will students complete to reinforce the concepts and skills developed in the lesson?
The students will be completing their ecosystem project with their classmates.
On the first day the students will have the end of the class time to discuss as a group the original design of their ecosystem.
On day 2 and 3 students will be working on the ecosystem projects with their group. In this time they will also be creating "their" portion of the ecosystem which will include their organism from their trophic level.
During the presentations the students will be either presenting with their group or paying attention to the other students presenting.

Closure: How will the teacher assist students in organizing the knowledge gained in the lesson?
The teacher will discuss each ecosystem with the class at the end of each presented ecosystem.
The teacher will facilitate a discussion between the audience and the "presenters" and discuss such things as the energy pyramids of each groups, the total number of organisms, the adaptations of each organism.
When all the groups have finished presenting the teacher will take questions or comments from the class as a whole.

Summative Assessment
Teacher will grade the project based on a rubric to determine if the learning targets are met. The rubric contains a portion for group work and also individual rubrics for all participants in the group. DesigninganEcosystem.docx

Formative Assessment
The teacher will survey the class at the beginning of the lesson to make sure that all students understand the concepts of the energy pyramid, trophic levels, and understand the terms food webs, producers, consumers, decomposers, biotic and abiotic factors.

Feedback to Students
Students will receive constructive feedback during their group work on the project. Students will be given individual feedback at the end of their presentation.